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Like estranged cousins, the road sign and the photograph appear to be related in only a formal sense, perhaps part of some larger family of objects that convey meanings, one clear and direct, the other prone to vagueness. But recently what is obvious or not obvious has seemed less straightforward; we ask ‘Is this the speed limit?’ and ‘Is this a party?’ as if they were the same type of question. Partygate is only the most recent instance of Prime Minister Boris Johnson making simple rules uncertain, Judith Williamson helps us interpret the photographic evidence to find out what has occured. It is worth remembering that we still place faith in photographs to provide evidence. Our archive feature is made up of images from a photographic album held in the collection of The Wiener Holocaust Library in London. It was made in 1935, the year after the Reich ‘treachery law’ had criminalised any activity deemed to cause damage to the welfare of the Third Reich and the prestige of its ruling Nazi party (legislation chillingly echoed in President Putin’s law to punish anyone spreading ‘false information’ about his invasion of Ukraine). The album was made by German-Jewish businessman, Fritz Fürstenberg and his fiancée, Käthe Smoszewski who, with considerable personal risk, documented antisemtic signs dotted throughout the German countryside, its towns and villages. The album was created to be disseminated as evidence of antisemitism in Germany. Jonathan Long, who introduces the pictures, notes the perturbing way ‘propaganda had become so much part of the everyday’. Mari Mahr started out in the early 1960s as a trainee pressphotographer at the Hungarian News Agency. In 1973 she moved to the UK, taking up a place at the Polytechnic of Central London, where her tutors included Victor Burgin, known for his work combining photography and text. For Mahr it was an opportunity to find a ‘photographic language’ that would be ‘more suitable for my new expatriate self’. We are publishing images from her new work Words, Words, Words… which has as its starting point the idea that the internet is slowly making dictionaries redundant. Mahr says her ‘seemingly irrational, illogical choice of words... is by nature personal, creating a familiar landscape in which one can exist’. Mahr’s work incorporates text and objects. Sometimes, as in an enamel plate or a stencil, these may be the same thing. Walker Evans was also known for photographing fragments of vernacular signage. Alan Huck connects Evans’s pictures of letters and words to the concrete poetry of Aram Saroyan for whom words are already visual, something to be seen as well as read. Huck encourages us not to see words and images as opposed forms of meaning but as a continuum. David Bellingham’s work also occupies a place between word, image and object. He says ‘Art is an amendment, often a small change or alteration to something familiar that allows it to be seen anew’. Introducing the work is the writer Eley Williams who notes that ‘Here, the measured pause that must accompany an encounter with an image is all at play, and all to play for.’

— The Editors contributors


Jesse Alexander is the Course Coordinator of the MA in Photography at Falmouth University.

Taco Hidde Bakker is a writer based in Amsterdam.

David Bellingham is an artist who lives in Glasgow and Copenhagen.

Stephen Bull is a writer and is a Senior Lecturer in Photography at the University of Brighton.

Chris Clarke is Senior Curator at The Glucksman, University College Cork.

Odette England is an artist and writer based in New York City.

Orla Fitzpatrick is a writer based in Dublin.

Susanna Galbraith is a writer based in Belfast.

Carlo Gébler is an Irish writer, television director, and teacher based in County Fermanagh.

Colin Graham is Dean of the Faculty of Arts, Celtic Studies, and Philosophy at Maynooth University.

Juliet Hacking is Programme Leader, MA in Contemporary Art; and Subject Leader for Photography, Sotheby’s Institute of Art, London.

Alan Huck is a writer and photographer based in Chicago.

Nora Labo is a writer based in Cork.

Jonathan Long is Professor of German and Visual Culture at the University of Durham.

Mari Mahr is a photographer based in London and Berlin.

Emily Mark-FitzGerald is a Lecturer at the School of Art History and Cultural Policy, University College Dublin.

Joseph McBrinn is Reader in Design History at Ulster University.

Roberta McGrath is a writer based in Edinburgh.

Jessie McLaughlin is a writer based in London and Stockholm.

Alexandra Moschovi is an Associate Professor in Photography at the University of Sunderland.

Colin Pantall is a writer, photographer and lecturer based in Bath.

Annebella Pollen is a Reader in History of Art and Design at the University of Brighton.

Rin Ushiyama is a Lecturer in Sociology at Queens University, Belfast.

Ian Walker is a writer based in London.

Richard West is a Source editor.

Eley Williams is a writer based in England and author of The Liar's Dictionary.

Judith Williamson is a writer based in London.

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