(Vol. XXXIII, No. 4) ❙ July 2022
20 THE ARCHAEOLOGY
OF BLACK CAT QUARRY Farming, flooding, and fighting in the Great Ouse valley Recent excavations at Black Cat Quarry in Bedfordshire have revealed a story of farming communities spanning the Neolithic to the early medieval period, as well as the possible remains of an important Viking encampment. 28 LEICESTER AND ROMAN AFRICA
Exploring ancient multiculturalism in the Midlands Archaeological investigations in Leicester over the past 20 years have uncovered evidence of the city’s ancient cultural diversity and connections across the Roman Empire, including intriguing links between Roman Leicester and North Africa. 34 WHAT ARE HILLFORTS?
Investigating one of the most misunderstood monuments in Britain and Ireland Despite their name, not all hilllforts were built on hills and there is little evidence for them having had defensive or offensive functions. So what are they, exactly? CA explores decades of research into these puzzling prehistoric monmunents.
44 RESTORING MARBLE HILL
How archaeology helped to revive a Georgian gem Marble Hill in Twickenham is one of the last survivors of a grand neighbourhood of villas built by the Thames in the 18th century. Recent restoration work at the house and archaeological investigations in its grounds have restored the site to its Georgian glory, and have also highlighted the dramatic story of its owner, Henrietta Howard – as CA reports. 48 COMMEMORATING HADRIAN’S WALL
Searching for signs of a 2nd-century celebration This year, events across the country are taking place to celebrate the 1,900th anniversary of the building of Hadrian’s Wall in AD 122. Did the Romans also hold some kind of ceremony to commemorate the construction of this famous frontier fortification We consider the archaeological evidence.