Threats – old and new A
s we know, we live in a complex, changing world. Our report on emerging problems affecting our oceans (page 16) shows how unexpected these changes can be. Vast algal blooms have been found in the Pacific, covering an area the size of the Sahara, which are caused by soot from terrestrial fires thousands of kilometres away. Sometimes these changes create opportunities, such as the potential for aquaculture in the ever-growing expanses of offshore wind farms. However, too often they cause problems, such as the burgeoning demand for the metal lithium, which is putting at risk some unique habitats. We focus on eight of the emerging ocean threats identified in a major new study. While new problems fill the news agenda, we often forget about some of the world’s more persistent ones. Tommy Trenchard visits a remote corner of Angola (page 22) to update us on one of the world’s nastiest scourges. In the last century, we littered the planet with sophisticated anti-personnel mines, and, decades later, they’re still wreaking havoc. Angola was particularly ravaged and since the end of its long-running civil war, there has been a concerted effort to rid the country of landmines. Led by the UK’s HALO Trust, the work has seen some 100,000 mines destroyed since the 1990s. However, as Tommy discovered, the problem is far from solved, with an estimated 1,000 minefields still needing to be cleared. He visited the far southeast of Angola and found the complex impact such a legacy is having on two national parks that were once home to tens of thousands of elephants. Graeme Gourlay Publisher
‘South Africa, and Cape Town in particular, have been a Hollywood filming set for decades, yet the South Africans never could tell their own stories to Hollywood’, says reporter Cécile Bontron (page 50) ‘But everything is there: the talented directors, writers, actors, set designers, make-up artists and technicians. They all want to go global now and change our vision of the world.’
4 . GEOGRAPHICAL
‘Southern Angola was once teeming with wildlife, but decades of war and the lingering presence of tens of thousands of landmines have had a catastrophic impact,’ says writer and photographer, Tommy Trenchard (page 22). ‘Conservationists hope the area can be restored, but that can’t happen until the mines are gone. Clearing them is a Herculean struggle, but one that the HALO Trust is determined to win.’
‘When you arrive at La Rinconada, the first thing you feel is that you are short of breath and the cold goes down to your bones,’ says Oscar Espinosa (page 40). ‘Life in the highest human settlement on the planet, where everything revolves around the gold mines, is not easy. But the ability of human beings to adapt to such extreme conditions is surprising, as is their inability to abandon the dream of a better life.’
July 2020 Volume 92 Issue 07
Publisher Graeme Gourlay
Editor Katie Burton Design Gordon Beckett Staff writer Bryony Cottam Operations director Simon Simmons Sales and marketing Elaine Saunders
ADDRESS Geographical, Suite 3.16, QWest,
Great West Road, Brentford,
Middlesex TW8 0GP Telephone: 020 8332 8405 Email: email@example.com
Telephone: 020 3900 0147 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
SUBSCRIPTIONS Geographical, Freepost (SCE 12967), Thatcham RG19 4BR
Telephone: 01635 588 496
Fax: 01635 868 594 Email: email@example.com
ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION RATES
UK: £54, EUROPE: £67, USA: £76, REST OF THE WORLD: £77
NEWSSTAND SALES AND MARKETING
Intermedia Telephone: 01293 312 001 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
NEWSSTAND DISTRIBUTION Fastmag, Circulation Department
Telephone: 01582 475 333 Email: email@example.com
© Syon Geographical Ltd Registered No. 07457559 Printed by Precision Colour Printing, Telford, UK
SUBMISSIONS Editorial proposals are only required from established writers and photojournalists.
Please send them to firstname.lastname@example.org. For contributors’ guidelines, please send an email to email@example.com. Please do not send unsolicited photographic material.
Geographical © is the magazine of the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG), and was founded by
Michael Huxley in 1935. The publishers of
Geographical pay a licence fee to the RGS–IBG.
This fee is assigned to a fund for the advancement of exploration and research and the promotion of geographical knowledge. The opinions expressed in this magazine are not necessarily those of the publishers or the Society. The publishers cannot be held responsible for loss of, or damage to, or the return of unsolicited manuscripts or photographs.
The paper in this magazine originates from timber grown in sustainable forests, responsibly managed to strict environmental, social and economic standards.
For every tree that we use to make Geographical,
three more are planted.
Cover image Tommy Trenchard
You have no current subscriptions in your account.
Would you like to explore the titles in our collection?
You have no collections in your account.
Would you like to view your available titles?