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SISTER WENDY: PRAYER IS SIMPLE BUT NOT EASY
INTERVIEW, PAGE 7
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No. 6276 www.catholicherald.co.uk
NOVEMBER 10, 2006 £1 (Republic of Ireland €1.50)
Teenage boy crucified in Iraq
American bishops urge Condoleezza Rice to establish a safe haven in Iraq for hundreds of thousands of Christians fleeing gruesome persecution at the hands of Islamist fanatics
S OARING violence against Christians in Iraq –including the alleged crucifixion of a teenage boy in Basra –has prompted the Catholic Church to call for a safe haven to protect minority groups as the country slides toward civil war. The American Catholic bishops have also asked US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to grant asylum to hundreds of thousands of Iraqi Christians who have fled their homes to escape persecution by Islamists. They told her that they were deeply alarmed by the “rapidly deteriorating situation of Christians and other religious minorities in Iraq”. The report of the crucifixion was carried by the Catholic Assyrian International News Agency (AIN) and another agency covering religious affairs, Asia News. The reports, which originated from accounts given by Christian refugees to a priest who was himself fleeing Iraq, said a 14-year-old boy was crucified early last month in Basra. Full details of the atrocity are yet to emerge. AIN also gave a graphic account of the murder of a priest, Fr Paul Alexander which, it said, was in retaliation for Pope Benedict XVI quoting a 14th century Byzantine ruler who regarded some aspects of Islam as “evil and inhuman”. Fr Alexander was snatched from Mosul’s Syriac Orthodox Catholic Church on October 9 by extremists who demanded
that the Vatican should pay a £200,000 ransom and nail a written apology from the Pope to the priest’s church door. Fr Alexander’s body was found three days later. He had been disembowelled. His arms and legs were severed, then he was beheaded. It is the most gruesome in a series of beheadings and other atrocities committed against Christians, including the brutal treatment of a group of nuns journeying from Baghdad to Jordan. In a letter to Miss Rice which was made public Bishop Thomas Wenski of Orlando, the chairman of the bishop’s committee on international policy, said: “We deplore the sectarian violence engulfing the Shia and Sunni communities in Iraq. We are especially and acutely aware of the deliberate violence perpetrated against Christians and other vulnerable minorities. “The beheading of a Syriac Orthodox priest in Mosul, the crucifixion of a Christian teenager in Basra, the frequent kidnappings for ransom of Christians including four priests ... the rape of Christian women and teenage girls and the bombings of churches are all indicators that the situation has reached a crisis point.” The bishops have asked Miss Rice to consider the creation of a new “administrative region” in the northern Nineveh Plain area that would be governed by Baghdad but controlled by the Kurds, whom they described as the “key to stability” in the country.
“This could provide Christians and other minorities with greater safety and offer more opportunity to control their own affairs,” Bishop Wenski wrote, adding that he would be happy to meet Miss Rice to discuss his proposals in person. The concern of the bishops was heightened by figures from the United Nations High Commission for Refugees which revealed that 44 per cent of Iraqi refugees are Christian, even though they represent only four per cent of the total population of Iraq. Although Iraq is a predominantly Muslim country, Christians have lived in the region since the first century. The majority are Chaldean Roman Catholics who speak Aramaic, the language of Jesus Christ. They were tolerated under the secular regime of Saddam Hussein, a Sunni Muslim, who even made one of them, Tariq Aziz, his deputy. But as the war has radicalised Islamic sensibilities, Christians have seen their total numbers slump from 1.2 million before the USled invasion of March 2003 to about 600,000 today. An exodus to the neighbouring countries of Syria, Jordan and Turkey has left behind closed parishes, seminaries and convents. John Pontifex of Aid to the Church in Need (ACN), a charity set up to help persecuted Christians, said he was aware of reports of the crucifixion of a Christian boy in Basra in October, but had no details. He said he also agreed with
the US bishops’ assessment of the situation in Iraq. “What we are now witnessing in Iraq is a vicious attempt to wipe Christianity from the face of a country,” he said. “Beheadings, killings, arrests and torture, it is the stuff of nightmares, an era every bit as cruel as the persecution of Christians in Roman times.” Walt Grazer, policy adviser in the US bishops’ Office of International Justice and Peace in Washington, said: “We have few details of the crucifixion because it is so difficult getting information out of Iraq. We are trying to find out more about this and all the other incidents. We have a long history of working with the US State Department and I am sure Miss Rice will take this letter very seriously.” Chaldean Archbishop Louis Sako of Kirkuk later told ACN he was aware of the reports of the crucifixion and suggested that a second crucifixion of a Christian had also been carried out in the central Iraqi town of Baquba, the scene of several massacres last month. “I was very shocked to discover this report about the crucifixion of the boy,” the archbishop said. “It is impossible to imagine that something like this could happen in the 21st century. It is almost the case now that there is no future for the Church in some parts of the country, including Baghdad, Mosul and Basra.” Many of the Christian refugees have fled the south of the country to escape the harsh
interpretation of Shariah religious law that is being imposed by Shia radicals on all people. Bishop Djibrail Kassab of Basra left his diocese last week to take up new role as Archbishop for the Chaldean community in Sydney, Australia. Archbishop Sako said: “Nobody is going to replace him. There is only one priest left in the diocese and only 200 families. People are very worried about the future. How long will it take before the situation improves?” Archbishop Sako also doubted whether the intervention by the American bishops could ease the plight of Iraq’s Christians. “This could create much more tension than relief for Christians,” he said. “We are Iraqis, we belong to the Iraqi civilization. We have lived beside the Muslims and in an Islamic culture for so long. We have not at all assimilated with the coalition forces. We have nothing to do with them, nor indeed do we have anything to do with the West. “We are Christians; we are citizens like everyone else. We have to look for a political statement. At the end of this month there will be a meeting of all the bishops in Iraq to deal with this subject –the future of Christianity in Iraq.” The meeting will involve examining the possible breakup of Iraq into three states – along Kurdish, Sunni and Shia lines –and discussion of a new attempt to drop Shariah law from the constitution.
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has been asked to set up an ‘administrative region’
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US priest banned Elvis Presley from Catholic club for signing fan’s thigh
BYTARALITTLE INHELENA , ARKANSAS
T HEYOUNG Elvis Presley was kicked out a Catholic club by a priest who caught him autographing the thigh of a teenage female fan, it has emerged. The priest, Fr Gregory Keller, told Presley he was a “disgrace to manhood” and that he was never to return to the club in Helena, Arkansas. The future “king of rock and roll” was banned after a performance at the club in 1955, when he was 21 years old. The event came to light late last month when a journalist from the Arkansas Catholic , the diocesan newspaper, interviewed a group of pensioners who remembered Presley’s early performances. The Catholic Club, as it was
known in the 1950s, served as St Mary’s parish hall and Sacred Heart’s school gymnasium. The former Sacred Heart Academy was run by the Sisters of Charity of Nazareth until 1962. The club also served as Helena’s community centre because it was the largest building of its kind at the time. Civic organisations, schools and other local groups frequently hired the club for banquets, meetings and dances. When Presley went looking for a place to perform in Helena, 65 miles from Memphis, Tennessee, he was directed to the parish hall by St Mary’s parishioner and radio host “Sunshine” Sonny Payne. Mr Payne, now 80, said his first impression of Presley was not a good one. “He had on an
old T-shirt and a cigar in his mouth. He didn’t impress me one bit,” he said. “When you’re in show business, you have to look like a show person, and you can’t do it in T-shirts or blue jeans.” Annette Beauchamp, 77, said she remembered being told by several parishioners at the time that a “furious” Fr Keller, the parish priest of St Mary’s, had ejected Presley, for reportedly writing inappropriate signatures on some of his adoring fans. Another fan, Lyne Von Kanel, 70, said she never saw that side of Presley. “We would all go backstage and talk and visit and get autographs. “He was very congenial, very nice,” she said. “The guys hated him.” She added: “Looking back I
don’t see anything that was obscene or really bad about it, it was just that we weren’t used to that.” Presley even drew the attention of America , the national Jesuit magazine, in its June 23, 1956 issue. Titled “Beware Elvis Presley,” the journal quoted from several newspapers around the country that found Presley troublesome. One described a performance in Wisconsin as a “striptease with clothes on, not only suggestive, but downright obscene”. Before his ban from the Helena Catholic Club, the sisters who ran the nearby Sacred Heart Academy had banned boarding students from attending Presley’s shows after the rumours of his “hip gyrations” had reached their ears.
Pilgrims versus pagans
Young Catholics at a retreat in Glastonbury have been reproved by the local parish priest for their “disgraceful behaviour” towards pagans. Some Youth 2000 pilgrims allegedly threw salt and shouted insults at a group of pagans. P2
Calls by A medical college for infanticide for severely disabled babies have sparked outrage among pro-life and disability rights campaigners. P3
A secret passion at Number 10
Catholic socialite and poet Lady Margaret Sackville and Labourʼs first Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald were deeply in love, documents at the National Archives at Kew have revealed. P2
New miracle for John Paul II Cause
Pope John Paul II is said to have cured a man from terminal cancer after appearing to his wife in a dream to tell her that her husband would get well. P5
Plea for Saddam
The headof the Vaticanʼs justice and peace office and an editor of a Jesuit journal have said it would be wrong to carry out the death penalty against Saddam Hussein. P5
The prospectsof a Latin American succeeding Pope Benedict XVI have increased dramatically after the Pope appointed Cardinal Claudio Hummes as the new Prefect for the Congregation for the Clergy. P4
INDEX News1-5 Features 7-9Comment 10-11Charterhouse 16
Indonesia: Sisters of Hope
THESE Sisters offered a spiritual lifeline when Indonesia
was wracked by intense civil conflict. Now they are helping the
faithful towards reconciliation and new hope. “The recovery is a miracle,”
said Bishop Mandagi of Amboina.
Please can you help the Sisters and priests rebuild the community of faith after such
suffering in the world’s most populous Muslim country?
Aid to the Church in Need 1 Times Square, Sutton, Surrey SM1 1LF. www.acnuk.org Tel: 020 8642 8668 Reg. Charity No. 1097984 Rev/Sr/Mr/Mrs/Miss......................................................... Address:............................................................................ ......................................................Postcode...................... I enclose £.............. £100 £50 £25 Other to help Christians in Indonesia. I enclose a cheque to Aid to the Church in Need OR please debit my Visa/ America Express /Mastercard/Switch/Maestro: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Expires .... /.... Start Date .... /.... Issue No ...... (Switch) Signature strip code (last block of digits): _ _ _ (_) Signature: ............................... I do not require information about ACN