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2000MW

By 2020 Morocco intends to have 2000MW of power sourced from wind energy alone. To achieve this target the Moroccan government is installing 10 wind power plants.

560MW

South Africa is expected to be a major mover in terms of renewable energy in Africa. Its total combined wind energy generation is 560MW. The Cookhouse Wind Farm in Eastern Cape has a generation capacity of 138.6MW.

1,140MW

At present Egypt plans to implement wind projects with a total capacity of 1,140MW. Since 2001 Egypt’s large-scale wind farms have a collective power generation capacity of 541MW.

890MW

GTP’s target is to tap some 890MW from wind. So far it has achieved 324MW. Addis Ababa plans to have an installed capacity of 10,000MW from wind.

630MW

The Kenyan Ministry of Energy and Petroleum Resources intends to generate 630MW from wind sources by 2016. The national wind power target is increasing power installation to 5,000MW from the current 1,700MW.

100MW

KENYA

Kenya seems to be keen to leverage on the wind advantage as it races towards a national wind power target of increasing power installation to 5,000MW from the current 1,700MW, generating 630MW from wind sources by 2016.

To this end Kenya is exploring clean air options and has earmarked some 40,000 acres to create a 300MW wind farm in Marsabit West County located in Northwestern Kenya. It is billed as the single largest private investment in Kenya and the largest wind farm on the continent.

The Lake Turkana Wind Power (LTWP) project brings Aldwych International together with KP&P and is expected to go online in 2017. Like many “green energy” projects, it is also registered with the UNFCCC and approved for the Gold Standard rating. The other shareholders in the €623 million project are European Investment Bank (EIB), Norfund, Vestas, Finnfund and IFU.

Through a power purchase agreement, the company will sell its power to Kenya Power at a fixed price for 20 years. In June last year OPIC approved a $250m guaranty for LTWP. This was part of OPIC’s $1.5bn pledged within President Obama’s $7bn Power Africa Initiative.

TANZANIA

Tanzania’s Singida Wind Farm, set to produce some 100MW, received a major boost from IFC Infraventures in December 2012 after the signing of a Joint Development Agreement (JDA) with Six Telecoms Ltd and Aldwych International to develop the $285million wind farm. It will be owned and operated by Wind East Africa Limited.

The three partners pledged to contribute some $71 million equity. Aldwych, which is also involved in Kenya’s LTWP, was set up in 2004 for the “purpose of developing, owning and operating power generation, transmission and distribution projects in emerging markets, primarily Africa.”

Singida Wind Farm is expected to be Tanzania’s first-ever wind power project and when operational it will be a major complex producing 300MW–600MW of power. Interest from Exim Bank of China, where discussions for a $132m loan were already complete, were followed by the forming of a consortium.The project is set for completion by 2016.

Tanzania’s Singida Wind Farm is set to produce some 100MW. Tanzania’s first ever wind power project and when operational it will be a major complex producing 300MW – 600MW of power.

SOUTH AFRICA

Though South Africa is expected to be a major mover in terms of renewable energy in Africa, its total combined wind energy generation is 560MW. This pales in comparison to the East and North African nations.

The $253.8million Jeffrey’s Bay Wind Farm in South Africa was commissioned in mid-2014, introducing some 138MW into the grid and joining some of Africa’s largest wind farms. 60 turbines spread around 3700ha make up Jeffreys Bay Wind Farm. The Cookhouse Wind Farm in Eastern Cape, which has a generation capacity of 138.6MW, completed all test runs early this year and is awaiting the final approval and switching into the main grid. Four investors and the community own the project. The Cookhouse Community Trust has a 25 per cent stake in the venture.

December 2015 New African  27

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