I would like to thank Michael Schmidt for his encouragement on this book and Judith Willson for her expertise and her patience in guiding it to completion. I am grateful to George Thompson, librarian emeritus at New York University Bobst Library, and to librarian Sylvia Curtis at the University of California at Santa Barbara. I am very grateful to playwrights Robert Potter and Ellen Anderson who arranged library access in California. Maeve Whelan at the Arts Council in Dublin gave logistical assistance in locating writers and artists. Mary O’Malley, Máire Grogan, John Sutton, Susie Tyrell, Deirdre Ní Thuathail and Ian Joyce stepped in to facilitate interviews. I am grateful to Nessa O’Mahony and Anne Mulhall for organising access for the Women in the New Ireland Network interview. Paul Delaney shared his knowledge about Irish drama and conferred on bibliographic matters. For copy-editing, thanks are due to Andrew Kirk. For transcription, I’d like to thank Kelly Morgan at University of California at Santa Cruz and Anna Chase Jordan at the University of Vermont. For research assistance I am grateful to Sarah Groeneveld at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. I also owe thanks to Elizabeth Hess at University of California at Santa Barbara and to Kristen Gaylord at New York University. At Keble College Oxford and University of California at Berkeley, Jennifer Lorden deserves my particular thanks for her support of this project. And finally, my thanks to the many writers and scholars with whom I discussed this book and whose advice helped to shape it.