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Contents contents

Abbreviations

Maps

Acknowledgements ix x–xi xiii

Introduction

I. Armies

II. Politics

III. Revolution

IV. A note on sources and terminology

1

2

5

10

12

Chapter I  Building up a revolutionary army in Chile, 1808–1814 15 I. 1808–1810: internal responses to imperial crisis 16 II. A conflict of politics, a conflict between provinces 24 III. Revolutionary warfare in Chile 31 IV. The political legitimization of a revolutionary movement 40

Chapter II  Political and military counterrevolution in Chile,

1814–1817

50

I. Rancagua: a revolutionary battle or a historiographical disaster? 51 II. Mariano Osorio’s political and military conduct 55 III. Francisco Marcó del Pont: facing an external threat 65 IV. Was it possible to re-conquer Chile? 77

Chapter III  The Army of the Andes: Chilean and rioplatense politics in an age of military organization, 1814–1817

82

I. Chilean émigrés in a foreign territory

84

II. The Army of the Andes and the militarization of civil society 89