MAGAZINE Editor Executive Editor Art Editor Michael Huxley Selwyn Powell Derek Weber The founders of t h e g e o g r a p h i c a l m a g a z i n e undertook the legal obligation to assign one half of all profits distributed by way o f dividend or bonus to a fund for the advancement o f exploration and research, and the promotion o f geographical knowledge. This fund is administered by a Board o f Trustees, whose Chairman is the President o f the Royal Geographical Society or his nominee.
Contents VO L . X X V I I I , NO.
D E C EM B E R 1 9 5 5
THE CHRISTMAS BULL OF
JIG-JIGGA By Alan Caillou .... SPANIARDS AND MOORS: A
MIXED HERITAGE By John Marks ..... THE BRIDGE OF THE GREAT
SPEAKER By Victor W. von Hagen ESKIMOS I HAVE KNOWN
Here is a wonderful opportunity to travel in LInion-Castle luxury for little more than the ordinary single fare, with the option of returning from Cape Town up to 15 days after arrival.
28,705 tons sailing from Southampton 4.0 p.m. Thursday June 14, 1956 Due Cape Town 28th of June, 1956. Illustrated folder, also details of reduced fares by other Mailships and for Round Africa Voyages, from Travel Agents or 3 Fenchurch Street. London, E.C.3.
By Richard Harrington Photogravure Supplement Facing page THE TOWER OF BABEL: FACT
AND FANTASY By Dr Helmut Minkowski . SAINT BONIFACE AND THE
SHAPING OF WESTERN EUROPE By Donald Atkinson . . . .401 RIP VAN WINKLE IN THE
MIDDLE EAST By Sir Harry Luke, K .C .M .G . , D.Litt. 409 THE WORLD IN BOOKS
3 7 0
By Ivy Davison .... xiv HOLIDAY TRAVEL: SNOW
AND CHRISTMAS By H. Dennis Jones .... xxii
Cover: Indian Woman near Lake Titicaca
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Printed in Great Britain by Sun Printers, Ltd., London and Watford, and published for the proprietors, The Geographical Magazine, Ltd., by Chatto and Windus, Ltd., 40-42 William IV Street, London, W.C.2 (Tel. Temple Bar 0127). Registered for transmission by Canadian Magazine Post. Entered as Second Class matter November 13, 1935, at the Post Office, New York, N.Y., under the Act of March 3, 1879, Section 523, P .L . & R.