82 BBC Wildlife
ABOVE La Olivilla in the Montes de La Aliseda, Santa Elena, Andalusia, opened in 2007 and is one of the biggest breeding centres involved in the programme. Animals born at the centre grow up with their mum in enclosures as they learn how to survive in the wild and catch prey. When they are almost a year old the cats will be translocated to increase existing populations or establish the species in new territories. In the wild, lynx leave their natal territory at about 20 months old.
LEFT Road accidents are a major cause of mortality in Iberian lynx – according to the 2015 census 51 animals have been killed this way during the past three years.