Hunsbury, Llanmelin, Llyn Cerrig Bach and Meare, but altogether they represent only a minute fraction of those needed to produce the metal objects that have come down to us.
Only the workshop hoards and a few settlements like South Cadbury provide unimpeachable evidence of the location of master smiths' workshops. The hoards are found in many parts of Britain, namely Norfolk, Suffolk, Somerset, north and south Wales, Yorkshire and southern Scotland. Most of them date to the period of the Roman Conquest, i.e. mid- to late-lst century A.D., while none (nor any of the settlement workshops) can be placed earlier than the 1st century B.C.
This is just about all we know of the location of smiths' workshops in the pre-Roman Iron Age. The localised distributions of various types of objects and of distinctive styles or techniques occasionally suggests regions in which fine metalwork was produced, as in the case of the series of early pre-Roman Iron Age daggers from the lower Thames valley, which suggests the presence of a workshop turning out objects for a local clientele. But the confident assertions of many writers with regard to the siting of workshops are on the whole based on tenuous evidence and should be treated with caution. Hitherto, little allowance has been made for the mobility of master craftsmen who might very easily have been more or less peripatetic. It is quite probable that they moved in search of patronage rather than that their products were distributed from a small number of centres. But it would be unsound to assume that the objects we study were necessarily made in the vicinity of the places that we find them. Only when we discover a large series of workshops containing unfinished objects will we be able to locate with any measure of confidence the workshops that produced the objects that are at present known to us. At present, such objects are all too rare; the Shaw Hill ('Cairnmuir'), Peeblesshire, gold torc-terminal, the Ipswich torcs (Current Archaeology, 17), and one or two objects in the Santon hoard are about all we have. However, what is now clear, in contrast to what was generally accepted a few years ago, is that, as well as blacksmiths, master craftsmen were working in most regions of preRoman Celtic Britain, producing masterpieces of craftsmanship in gold, silver, and copper-base alloys.
(A fully documented and extended version of this paper is being issued by the Camelot Research Committee as a South Cadbury Information Sheet.)
made the excavation impossible, so he was forced to turn his attentions elsewhere, to Bury Hill. Recently, however, Hampshire County Council purchased the site as an open area, built a special access road and car park and established 'Nature Trails' to encourage visitors to explore the area. Thus, they not only permitted excavations, but positively encouraged it, and Professor Hawkes having relinquished to the younger generation his prior claim to the site, the excavations took place for three weeks in August, 1969.
I T is often interesting to consider not so much individual exca vations as individual excavators and since there is at present no better excavator than Professor Barry Cun liffe (Fishbourne CA.6., Portchester C.A.4., Bath C.A.10.) the fact that last year he began a new long term excavation is cause enough to consider the new site, to ask why it is important, why he has chosen it and what he hopes to achieve. But since it is the mark of a good exca vator that he should not only possess skill but, even more im portant, luck, it is not altogether surprising that in a brief three weeks excavations, he not only completed all the objectives that he set out to achieve but also he discovered two splendid brooches, a gold coin and a hoard of twenty-one iron currency bars.
The new site is the Iron Age hill fort of Danebury, three miles northwest of Stockbridge in Hampshire. This is one of the finest and best preserved hill forts in Southern England and it first attracted the attention of Christopher Hawkes before the war, when he was carrying out a series of excavations of Iron Age hill forts. However, at the time problems of ownership and access
If Danebury is not the largest of the Hampshire hill forts (and, with 13 acres, it falls into the medium size category) it is certainly one of the finest. Today, it is covered by a beech plantation which inhibits excavation to some extent. Nevertheless, the ramparts are exceptionally well preserved and the remains of hut platforms are visible in the interior. It is not in a particularly strong