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current archaeology number 50

In this issue

Our fiftieth issue of Current Archaeology is devoted to two main features: the Saxon cemeteries at Mucking, and a Round-Up of some of the excavations that have taken place this summer.

The Diary begins with two notes on Church Archaeology, first the CBA Churches' Committee and then Dr H. M. Taylor's work on Anglo-Saxon churches. Then three new appointments: Professor Keith Branigan, Dr Michael Tite and Warwick Rodwell. This is followed by a report of the Conference on Saxon Shore Forts, and Press Releases on two new University Courses.

Mucking is now the most extensively excavated Saxon settlement in the country. In addition to over a hundred sunken huts, two cemeteries have now been excavated. Here we discuss the cemeteries and devote four pages to illustrating some of the "goodies" that have been excavated: a page of containers including a fine brass-bound wooden bucket; a page of glassware — three superb Saxon beakers; a page of belt fittings; and a page of brooches.

The other major feature in this issue is an extended Round-Up of some of the excavations that have taken place during the summer. We start in Southern England and look at excavations on the Surrey Hillforts, Danebury, Crickley Hill, Ilchester and the situation at Wallingford Castle.

We then go to Wales where the whole country is now covered by four Units, and we see what each of these has been doing this summer.

Then to the area we tend to still call Yorkshire, where we look first at the excavations of a tribune's house in York, and then look at the major looming crisis at Hull. But the most numerous excavations are to be found on the Yorkshire Wolds, at Calais Wold, Burton Fleming, Thwing, and Garton Slack.

We then move on to Scotland and Northern England where there has been a great outburst of activity along the Antonine Wall where five major excavations took place this year. On Hadrian's Wall too there has been a major excavation at Wallsend.

There have also been some major non-Roman excavations in the North: Neolithic houses at the Knap of Howar, a henge(?) at Lyne, and Saxon longhouses at The Thirlings.

We conclude with a few thoughts on the progress of Rescue Archaeology and the Unit system.

Finally, Letters on The Times and Archaeology, and Marxism and Archaeology.

Cover Photo: Excavations in progress at Lyne in Peebleshire.

Below: Anglo-Saxon Attitudes: Four faces from the five-piece belt set excavated at Mucking. See the illustration of the complete belt set on p79.

67 Editorial 68 Diary 73 Mucking 81 Round-up 1975 81 Southern England

84 Wales 85 Yorkshire 88 Scotland 94 Conclusions 95 Letters

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