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current archaeology number 62

In this issue . . .

Our apologies to those of our readers who cannot stand the Romans, but this issue is dominated by them. If you look carefully however you wil l also find news of the biggest Iron Age shrine yet discovered in this country and a report on the important Medieval excavations in Canterbury.

After the Editorial on the latest surprises from the Roman army, the Diary deals with Government spending on archaeology, the Lloyds Bank Equipment fund, the Chronicle awards, Rescue, Social Area Analysis and the End of Roman Britain.

The discovery of a Roman legionary fortress at Usk was a major surprise. Subsequently tw o extensive area excavations have shown that even legionary fortresses were not quite as regular as earlier trenching excavations had suggested. One site revealed tw o different types of granaries, the other a somewhat chaotic area of compounds and workshops.

Murder most foul is the dramatic story from the latest excavations at Canterbury: tw o Roman soldiers flung unceremoniously into a pit, swords and all. Rather more important however is the possible discovery of what appears to be a length of the Roman wall still standing to its full height, crenellations and all.

On Hayling Island, within sight of Fishbourne, a large Roman temple has been discovered overlying an almost identical Iron

Age predecessor. The strong connections with central France suggest that this may have been the main cult site of the Atrebates, and that the Roman successor was built by the builder of the Fishbourne palace.

In Books we discuss Signposts to the Past, Chichester Excavations 3, Ancient Monuments and their Interpretation, then 3 Penguins— Hadrian's Wall, Science and Archaeology, and The Plundered Past. Finally Excavation Records, Approaches to Archaeology and some shorter reports.

Two comparatively small excavations along the Antonine Wall at Seabegs Wood and Croy Hill have provided powerful new evidence about the construction of the wall. It now seems likely that it was initially built along the same lines as Hadrian's Wall with only 6 forts instead of 19.

Finally, Letters deal with Karl Polanyi, the Serried Ranks of the RCHM, the Absence of Guardianship Monuments in Buckinghamshire, and Moulds for Bronze Implements.

Our Cover Picture is a reconstruction drawing by Martin Dugdale of the East gate of the legionary fortress at Usk. Note the bridge over the ditch that ran in front of the gateway.

67 Editorial

68 Diary

71 Usk

78 Canterbury by Tim Tatton-Brown

83 Hayling Island by Robert Downey, Anthony King and Grahame Soffe 88 Books 91 The Antonine Wall by Bill Hanson and Lawrence Keppie 95 Letters

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