The Later Bronze Age (continued)
The region where Later Bronze Age settlement has long been recognised and admitted is Sussex, for the sequence of excavations begun before the war and culminating in Itford Hill has always been ascribed to the Bronze Age. One of these long recognised sites has been Black Patch, near Lewes, discovered by George Holleyman in 1949. However, plough damage was threatening to damage the site, so in 1978 one hut group was totally excavated by hand by the Institute of Archaeology, London, under Peter Drewett.
The site excavated consisted of five terraces cut into the hill, each of which proved to contain a single hut. However, all the houses had differences one from the other which enabled the excavator to interpret them as the settlement of an extended family group. The main house was the central house, house 3. This was the largest and had three storage pits inside it, one of which contained a large amount of barley. Four bronze objects were found in the hut and although there was only a moderate amount of pottery this was mostly of fine wares. There were also three clusters of loomweights and a scatter of flint flakes, though these had been knapped elsewhere. The house was set in its own enclosure with its own pond and is probably to be interpreted as the house of the head of the family.
At the end of the row, house 1 was built on the same scale as house 3, but had a very different pottery assemblage, for although there were many more potsherds, the quality
Above: Hut 1, showing the recut house terrace and the post-house storage pit. Huts 2 and 3 are in the background. Photo: Peter Drewett
Below: Artefact distribution within hut 3.