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current archaeology number 74

In this issue .. .

This issue of Current archaeology is devoted to the 4th BBC 'Chronicle' award when we look at some of the best work done by independent archaeologists.

In the Diary we look at the new face of archaeology in the 1980s, and the renaissance of the independent societies. We note the Lloyds Bank Fund presentation, the British Archaeological Awards, and some of the non-finalists in the Chronicle award, including the Peak District Mines Historical Society, Stone rows on Dartmoor, and a Moated site at Monkspath.

As a young RAF pilot during the war, Derrick Riley was one of the pioneers of aerial archaeology. Now, having retired after 30 years with the steel industry, he has once again returned to archaeology, and in Great Monuments—Wide Landscapes he looks firstly at two possible causewayed camps, and then he gives some further news of three different types of field systems on the Bunter sandstones, and the three types of settlement that go with them.

Vernacular architecture is becoming an increasingly important aspect of independent archaeology. Joan Harding took it up as a retirement hobby, and in Surrey Houses we describe the discovery of the Smoke Bay house, which forms an intermediate stage between the open halls of the Middle Ages and the chimneyed houses of the 17th century onwards.

Over the past 30 years, Richard Bellhouse has been discovering a Hidden Frontier. This is the line of Roman defences along the Cumberland coast beyond the end of Hadrian's Wall, and here he shows that it was not an addendum, but part of the original Roman defensive scheme.

Having retired from the rigors of life in London to her original birthplace at Tregarth, in North Wales, Mrs Gwenno Caffell stumbled across a totally unknown form of Welsh folk art. The Carved Slates of Dyffryn Ogwen were carved by the local quarrymen at the beginning of the 19th century, and offer a fresh and unusual insight into the lives and concerns of that time.

Unlike most gravel pits where the gravel was laid down in the Ice ages, the gravel at Colwick, near Nottingham was laid down comparatively recently. In The Trent—the Story of a River, Dr Christopher Salisbury, a local G.P., tells of a gravel pit excavation with a difference, tracing the course of the River Trent from Neolithic times onwards.

North Yorkshire Vernacular Houses is another major study of vernacular architecture. Here there are remarkably few medieval houses but a variety of later types. The majority of these are of the hearth-passage type, but in Nidderdale there is a different type known as the entrance lobby house.

Special Offer. Note our special offer of back issues of Current Archaeology on page 70.

Cover Photo. The well-known neolithic round barrow of Duggleby Howe as seen from the air, when it appears to lie in the middle of a causewayed camp. The dotted envelope pattern is the result of modern agriculture. Photo: Derrick Riley.

67 Diary

71 Great Monuments—Wide Landscapes by Derrick Riley

75 Surrey Houses

79 The Hidden Frontier

84 The Carved Slates of Dyffryn Ogwen

88 The Trent - the Story of a River by Christopher Salisbury

92 North Yorkshire Vernacular Houses by Barbara Hutton

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