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current archaeology number 75

In this issue . . .

This issue is our Round-up of excavations for 1980 when we survey the highlights of archaeology during the year. We also have two new features, the Science Diary and a survey of Books on Industrial Archaeology.

We begin with the Diary looking at Historic Towns v. Green Belts, Graham Webster, Denys Spittle, Keith Muckelroy, and Lincoln.

We begin the Round-up with some important excavations that were not sponsored by the DoE. We start with the re-excavation of the basilica at Silchester, then some new ideas about the Iron Age oppidum at Bagendon, the spectacular discovery of a Roman mausoleum under Wells Cathedral, and the excavation of the Roman spring at Bath.

A new feature for this issue is the survey of recent Books on Industrial Archaeology by Walter Minchinton, Professor of Economic History at the University of Exeter.

Our Round-up continues with a look at the work of some of the major units. We start with the major current excavation of the Oxfordshire Archaeological Unit at the very extensive Iron Age and Romano-British site at Claydon Pike. We then look at Raunds, an AngloSaxon church which was later converted into a medieval manor house. We then move to Carlisle where major excavations are taking place in the corner of the Roman and medieval town, and as a tailpiece we look at an excavation in London which did not turn out quite as planned!

We then move to Wales to the remarkable but controversial new Roman site at Cold Knap near Barry: is it or is it not something to do with the Roman navy?

(see cover photo). Major excavations are also taking place at Caerleon, and we then turn to a most mysterious site at Capel Eithin in Anglesey which has everything from Bronze Age urns to a possible Viking ship burial.

A major new feature starting in this issue is the Science Diary. John Musty, who is the head of the Ancient Monuments Laboratory at the DoE, was one of the instigators of the term "archaeological science" and is already collecting material for a history of archaeological science. Here he records the latest news from the rapidly expanding world of archaeological science.

The final phase of our Round-up consists of some excavations carried out by academics. At The Hirsel, Professor Rosemary Cramp is excavating an early church just outside the home of Lord Home. At CarsĀ¬ ington in the Peak District of Derbyshire the long-lost Roman town of Lutudarum has possibly been discovered. Then at Ashton the excavations of this Romano-British "small town " are revealing extensive traces of a major Belgic settlement.

Finally Letters survey Professor Colin Renfrew's intellectual development, Microfiche, and the biggest county archaeological society.

This is not in fact the end of our Round-up: we have further offerings for our next issue, notably from Yorkshire.

Cover Photo. Excavations of Cold Knap on the coast of South Wales. In the distance the hills of North Devon can be seen on the far side of the Bristol Channel. Photo: Glamorgan/Gwent Archaeological Trust.

99 Diary

102 Round-up: Silchester, Bagendon, Wells, Bath

108 Books: Industrial Archaeology by Walter Minchinton

110 Round-up: Claydon Pike, Raunds, Carlisle,

London

116 Round-up, Wales: Cold Knap, Caerleon, Capel

Eithin

121 Science Diary by John Musty

124 Round-up: The Hirsel, Carsington, Ashton

127 Letters

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