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current archaeology number 83

In this issue .. . Prehistoric farming is the subject of our main article in this issue, with reports on the Roman towns of London and Lincoln.

The Diary appears to have been hijacked by Mr Heseltine, the Secretary of State for the Environment. We start off with his latest consultation paper, The Way Ahead, we go on to his speech at Oxford and finally reach his proposals for the Listing of Historic Buildings. What is left of our space is then devoted to Tourism and Archaeology.

Under the peat that covers the Isle of Arran on the west coast of Scotland lies one of the most remarkable prehistoric landscapes in Europe. The threat of afforestation has led to a major survey of this unknown landscape, revealing the houses where the people lived, the cairns where they were buried and the fields where they farmed.

In Books we start by looking at Roman Britain and Roman Gloucestershire. We then look at some guide books, the Penguin Guide to Prehistoric Britain, the O.S. Maps of Ancient Britain, the Which? Heritage Guide and a Guide to the Lake District. Finally we look at Megalithic Art, and Landscape and Society: Prehistoric Central Italy.

At Lincoln the excavations at St Paul in the Bail led to the discovery of the Roman forum, and underneath it the legionary headquarters building.

But it is not the normal type of Romano-British forum, but rather a continental type.

In Science Diary John Musty looks at The First Welshman, Uranium Dating, Fire, a Neanderthal decorator, the Ancient Monuments Laboratory, Leo Biek, and three Obituaries.

Letters discuss The Orphic Church, the Shifting of Standing Stones, Vikings at York, Carrickfergus Castle, and Californiology.

In Archaeology in Pictures we describe the discovery of a hitherto unknown stone circle at Achmore in the Outer Hebrides and a superb piece of Anglo-Saxon jewelry at Canterbury.

The discovery of the possible Roman bridge was the highlight of the 1981 season of excavations in London. Possibly even more important however, is the evidence for the very rapid commercial build up along the waterfront in the first decades of Roman rule.

Finally, as this is the end of the 7th volume of Current Archaeology, we conclude with our Index to the volume.

Cover Photo: David Vale made this reconstruction drawing of Roman Lincoln, with the forum at the centre. The forum is shown as being of the continental type, divided into two parts: the basilica is the large building to the right of the central courtyard, while the courtyard to the left has an entirely hypothetical temple in it.

355 Diary

358 Arran

363 Books

366 Lincoln by Michael Jones, Brian Gilmour and Kevin Camidge

372 Science Diary

375 Letters

377 Archaeology in Pictures:

Achmore and Canterbury 378 London 382 Index

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