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current archaeology number 93

In this issue.. .

This is a bumper issue. We already had lined up our first article on the Lower Palaeolithic, and the truly astounding discovery of Saxon London, when news came through that two chariot burials had been discovered. We hurried up to Yorkshire, threw out our book reviews, and now we proudly present our latest scoop.. .

But first, we start with the Diary, with news of Cadw (alias Historic Monuments in Wales), Archaeology and the GLC, The Lloyds Bank awards and Trustees for the Armouries.

We then go on to our first article on the Lower Palaeolithic, to the cave of Pontnewydd in North Wales. Were the inhabitants neanderthals? And what does taurodontism mean?

A fragment of cloth recently dug up in Colchester turns out to be not only silk, but silk woven in China. John Peter Wild tells the story of The Silk Road from China to Colchester.

In Science Diary, John Musty discusses Conservation Guide lines, The Black Death, Sponsored C14 dates, The Falklands Factor, Lainyamok, Teeth, Archaeology and Chemistry, and How Angels' wings work.

The Yorkshire chariot burials are among the most spectacular archaeological remains in this country. Hitherto, only one had been discovered this century, but now two have been found, side by side, at Wetwang Slack: both were exceptionally rich. (Incidentally, while camping out in my Dormobile nearby, there was a most terrific thunderstorm: next morning, I heard that the south transept of York Minster had burnt out.. . )

At Reading, extensive excavations have revealed the waterfront of the medieval abbey. Where was Saxon London? Alan Vince believes that we have all been looking in the wrong place, and here he puts forward a brilliant new theory.

At Balfarg, in Scotland, a Grooved ware structure has been discovered; is it a ritual "hall"?

The oldest boat in the world has been discovered at the underwater site at Tybrind Vig, in Denmark. There are also wooden bows, wooden fishhooks, and even a completely new art style.

Letters deal with Edible Samian, Bedcanford, British Archaeological Abstracts, The Romans drove down the middle, and Some New Study Groups.

Our front cover shows a view inside the cave at Pontnewydd. Photo: National Museum of Wales.

291 Diary

294 Pontnewydd

298 The Silk Road to Colchester by John Peter Wild 300 Science Diary by John Musty

302 The Wetwang Chariots

307 The Reading Abbey Waterfront

310 The Aldwych: Saxon London

Discovered?

by Alan Vince

313 Balfarg

314 Tybrind Vig by Soren Andersen

318 Letters

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