primitive rooted teeth. Later voles however have continuously growing teeth, - a refine-
ment that human beings have not yet aspired to. This change from rooted to unrooted teeth occurred just before the Anglian glaciation: in East Anglia the West Runton voles have rooted teeth whereas the Ostend voles are of the advanced unrooted variety.
Boxgrove voles too are of the unrooted variety, indeed the whole fauna is very similar to Ostend. It therefore looks as if
Boxgrove is to be dated immediately prior to the Anglian Glaciation.
However the feature that has made
Boxgrove famous has been the discovery of 'Boxgrove Man' or rather his gnawed tibia.
The tibia was discovered in Quarry 1, that is the western quarry, not far from Site lA where the knapping scatter had been found.
Fifty metres to the north it was decided to lay out a further sequence of five 5-metre square trenches. In the first two trenches the normal sequence was recovered, that is the soil layer at the top overlay the salt lagoon deposits.
Here a number of areas of knapping debris
Above. General view were found, and also some concentrations of of the quarry with the small mammal bones - voles and shrews,
packed together in what looked like large hominid site under excavation.
digestive biscuits: it appears that these were the droppings left behind by a European mink.
However in the boxes to the east, the stratification changed. The lagoon deposits were replaced by a highly calcareous layer laid down by a fresh water spring that ran down out of the chalk cliffs. The stratigraphy here was extremely complicated and contorted, as it remained waterlogged and therefore buckled when later layers formed on top if it.
In 1993 one of the local volunteers, Roger Pedersen, agreed to spend the winter exca-
vating a 1.5 metre wide trench at the northern end of each of the 5 metre squares in order to test the stratigraphy. He worked throughout the winter, travelling each day on his motorbike from West Wittering on the other side of Chichester.
Just before Christmas 1993, in the upper deposits of trench 5, he found a large bone - a
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