town with the Anglo-Saxons being concentrated to the south - that there were in fact two rival burhs. A southern burh of 10th century date now seems unlikely, significant development only taking place here in the later 10th and early 11th centuries. However a defensive bank and ditch, still partly visible within the street pattern, was cut around the edge of the northern settlement by about 910. Similarly, church dedications, notably two churches dedicated to St Clement (who despite his name - he was the third Pope nevertheless became a Viking favourite) and two others to St Olav -fashionable a century later - together with some street names, all point to continuing Scandinavian influence.
century, magnates were involved in the development of the town; Domesday Book records that, in 1066, the king, the earl, the bishop (Stigand), the abbots of Bury and Ely and una mulier soror stigandi (a woman, the sister of Stigand) were all involved in
Norwich either owning land or controlling patronage.
More significant perhaps is the very great number of churches that still survive in
Norwich. This is normally an indication of
Late Saxon prosperity, beginning as private churches set up by small landowners and in stark contrast to the Norman system where churches were centralised and were few but large.
Above. HOfnage/'s plan of 7587. This shows the river flowing in centre left and out top centre. The excavation site is marked in blue.
Below. The Late Saxon river revetment,
revealed by the excavators.
Above. The earliest crossing over the river?
Excavations in 7999 at Fye Bridge. Work next to the trench located timbers from the causeway over the river last seen in 7896.
In 917 East Anglia was re-conquered by the West Saxon Kings: a mint was established and the city continued to grow. A celebrated reference in the Liber Eliensis of the 980s mentions Norwich as, together with
Thetford, Ipswich and Cambridge, a place where all 'were of such liberty and dignity that if anyone bought land there he did not need witnesses'. Certainly, by the 11th