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Left The hoard of ingots being excavated.

Above The pot containing the hoard, before lifting.

Surrey, the local Finds Liaison Officer, David Williams, is part of the Heritage Conservation Team of Surrey County Council and based at the Surrey History Centre at Woking.

The Treasure Act 1996 The Treasure Act provides for the compulsory reporting of gold and silver items and hoards of coins more than 300 years old.

In 2002, the Treasure Act was extended to cover groups of two or more artefacts of base-metal and of prehistoric date from the same find.

Vindolanda granaries occupied into the 8th century

By chance, a similar site is being excavated at Vindolanda, where a large contingent of volunteers drawn from all over the world will be digging every day until mid September 2008. This seasons work has revealed two massive granaries and ‘a magnificent section of superbly flagged Roman roadway’, which Andrew Birley, the Director of Excavations, says is ‘probably now the best example to be seen in the North.’

He added that ‘the masonry of these granaries is far superior to that of the nearby commanding officer’s residence, and although some of the walls have suffered from stone robbing, others are standing to a height of around five feet. It is Roman building at its best’.

Patricia Birley, Director of the Vindolanda Trust, said: ‘They would have had to keep considerable amounts of supplies for at least 500 men in the fort.’ Samples of material trapped in vents below the flagged floors of the granaries are expected to reveal the nature of the foodstuffs and other goods once stored in the buildings, together with the bones of rodents that also fed on them.

Archaeological evidence, which includes a bronze brooch and a strap end, has also confirmed that people were using the granaries as accommodation from the 5th to the 8th centuries, proving that Vindolanda continued to be occupied long after the end of Roman rule in Britain.

Below Excavations showing the granaries at Vindolanda.

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