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Liverpool

Left The ‘Three Graces’ define Liverpool’s distinctive skyline: The Liver, Cunard and Port of Liverpool buildings. In 2004, when Liverpool was awarded World Heritage status, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee described it as 'the supreme example of a commercial port of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries'.

heavy borrowing by merchants and the people of Liverpool, and was designed and overseen by one Thomas Steers. Work began in 1710 and five years later, on 31st August 1715, the first ships sailed in.

growth of the Liver pool In 1700, Liverpool was a small town with a dock that was in danger of silting up. Yet it was a town with prospects: Chester, which had hitherto been the main port in the north-west, was silting up even more. The discovery of the Americas had increased the importance of ports facing the Atlantic, and the citizens of Liverpool decided to capitalise on the situation by building an innovative ‘wet dock’. The dock had massive gates that were opened only at high tide, and so kept the level of water at high-tide level within the dock, which meant that ships could unload straight on to the dockside while still afloat.

right Discovered under

3m of overburden, the rather weary-looking bricks of the Old Dock are revealed.

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