What Do We Conclude?
Ethics is difficult and probably always will be. It may derive partly from human nature - even if much of that is merely a useful fiction. Usually the attempt has been to make ethics objective and universal, when the evidence is clear that there is a huge range of different beliefs about how we should behave towards each other.
OLDEJZ ~lcAL. OCCO'INE~ M~E gy NOMEA.N~ DEAD S'oME ~lt.OsoPi-IEeS. S77LJ gs.JevE THAT MD~AUTY IS
A&:>LJT P1Z.oDHCJNG AND DIS1f'lgLSftNG HAfPINESS_
AND l.l17L11A~IANISM STILL SEEMS A J../EL.PFLJI.. SYSTEM FOe ANAL:fz.tN.G AND eJAUJA17NG (IF NOT SOJ..v/NG) . CO\APlEX ~11 CAL. MbeAL ~M~·~ Other moral philosophers believe, like Kant, that being moral means acting rationally and consistently. The return of "virtue ethics" may help to avoid some of the undesirable consequences of these other two doctrines but can itself be embarrassingly vague about how "situationally sensitive" individuals make moral decisions which are consistent and committed. 170