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relativity 30

Proto-Inda-European standard English 138-9

linguistics general 14

(PIE) 15, 96-9

protolanguage 164

stimulus-freedom 67

Strawson, Peter 112

historical 13

structuralism 18-21

history of 3-14

Rask, Rasmus 13

and language 26, 35-7

location, expressing 78 relevance in language subject of sentence 6

113

subjunctive 100

male speech 104

"respectively" sentences Swedish 93-5

mathematics 38

maxims 113

133-5

Richie, Robert 42

Swift, Jonathan 84

synchronic approach 22

media for language 69-71 Romans, the 8

Syntactic Structures 38

metaphor 55, 166

Morris, Charles 26, 111

rules 4-5, 153

systemic correspondence in language acquisition 93-4

Moscow Linguistic Circle

27

native American languages 28, 30-5

117-18

universal grammar

127-35

see also maxims

Russell, Bertrand 112

Systemic Functional

Linguistics 48

tense 79

acquisition 117-18

natural language 57-9,

Thrax, Dionysius 7

123

Sapir, Edward 29

time

Navaho language 31-3 Sapir-Whorf hypothesis concept of 55 negation 118 30-1, 50 see also tense neurolinguistics 146-7 Saussure, Ferdinand de transformational grammar Nicaraguan Sign 15-22 11, 40-2

Language 76

Old English 87

general linguistics

Trubetzkoy, Nikolai 23

16-17

Saussurean paradox 100 universal grammar Sebeok, Thomas 26 125-35

Panini 4

parts of speech 7

secondary media 70-1 Uralic languages 98

semantics 108, 109-10,

patterning in language 72 111

Peirce, C.S. 26, 111

semiotics 26-7

variation in language

101-8

Peters, Stanley 42

Petrograd Society 27

phonemes 71-3

sex differences in

Verbal Behavior 116

language 80, 102-5 vowel acquisition 25

sexism 140-1

phonology 23-5

Piaget, Jean 135

pidgin 122, 162-4

PIE see Proto-Inda-

Shakespeare, William 85 Wernicke's aphasia 145

sign language 69, 74-6 Whorl, Benjamin Lee 30-1

American 82

Williams syndrome 150-1

English 74-6

word order 77-8

European

Nicaraguan 76

Pinker, Steven 152-3, 160 signs see semiotics

Words and Rules 152

words, new 62

plurals 119, 149

Skinner, B.F. 116

political influences 136 socio-linguistics 102

writing invention 84

Port-Royal Circle 11

pragmatics 108, 111-14

sound and language 14, as a medium 70

16, 18-21, 23-5

Prague Circle, the 23, 27 pattern 16 predicate of sentence 6 units 71-3 prescriptivism 91 Spanish and structuralism primary media 69 20-1 Principles of Phonology Specific Language

23

Priscian 8-9

Impairment 148-9, 154

speech 69

Proto-Germanic 94-7

male vs. female 104-5 parts of 7

175

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