clarity. Barbara Goodwin's Using Political Ideas (John Wiley and Sons, 1982) is a very useful guide to all of the major political ideologies. A History of Political Thought by John Morrow (New York University Press, 1998) takes an interesting approach to the subject. And two other books useful for those who wish to find out more are Andrew Vincent, Theories of the State (Blackwell, 1987), and Raymond Plant, Modern Political Thought (Blackwell, 1991).
The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought (1991) provides overall views of topics like "Obligation" and "Consent" as well as brief guides to all the major writers. Other useful reference works are The Penguin Dictionary of Politics (1993) and A Dictionary of Political Thought (Macmillan , 1983).
A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy (Blackwell, 1995) contains essays by many contemporary political philosophers on a wide range of subjects. The Politics of Postmodernity (Cambridge University Press, 1998) is another recent collection of essays that is well worth reading.
Karl Popper argues against the system-builders Plato, Rousseau, Hegel and Marx in The Open Society and Its Enemies (Routledge, 1969). Journey Through Utopia by Marie Louise Berneri (Freedom Press, 1982) reveals the authoritarian aspect of utopianists. Demanding the Impossible: A History of Anarchism by Peter Marshall (HarperCollins, 1993) offers salutary criticism of arguments supporting the State.
About the author and artist Dave Robinson has taught philosophy to students for many years. He is the author of several other Icon books, including those on Plato and Rousseau. His more radical friends believe him to be a harmless "armchair anarchist" . Judy Groves has illustrated many of the Icon "Introducing" series, including Wittgenstein, Philosophy, Plato, Aristotle and Bertrand Russell.
Acknowledgements The author would like to thank his indefatigable editor, Richard Appignanesi, who always knows how to convert disorganized manuscripts into readable books. He is also grateful for the illustrations and subtle alterations of emphasis provided by his artistic colleague. He would also like to thank all of his friends tor being endlessly impatient with his own half-baked political opinions, which are, of course, always infallibly correct. The artist would like to thank Oscar Zarate for the illustrations on pages 20, 27, 30, 87, 92, 140 and 150. She also thanks David King for the loan of photographs from his collection.