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Index abstract art 22, 24, 30–3 Al-Qaeda 175–6, 179, 180,

181 anthropic principle 110 architecture 6–7, 115–20 automatism 33

hypermodernism 126, 152 hyperrationalism 70 hyperreality 55, 126–7, 138

Islam 157–9, 168, 180, 181,

182, 185, 186

Jakobson, Roman 66, 70

Barthes, Roland 72–5 Baudrillard, Jean 130–6,

174–7, 180 Bauhaus 26

Cézanne, Paul 14–17 Chomsky, Noam 179, 180 communism 28–9, 154–5,

172, 176 Conceptual art 44 Constructivism 26, 28–9 Cubism 16–18, 26, 34–5 Cyberspace 128–39, 144–9,

172

Dadaism 32–3 deconstruction 76–7, 79 Derrida, Jacques 77–81,

169–71, 181 dialectical antagonism 8–10 materialism 9 Duchamp, Marcel 34–5, 41–2

eclecticism 47 epistemology 82–6 eschatology 168 evolutionary psychology 186 Expressionism 30–1

feminism 94–101, 149 Feyerabend, Paul 109 formalism 29, 31, 70–1 Foucault, Michel 82–4, 173 Fourth World War 176, 180,

181 Fukuyama, Francis 165–9,

181, 182, 186 fundamentalism 180, 189 Futurism 26

globalization 176–7, 180,

183, 186, 189

Hawking, Stephen 108 Holocaust, the 122–5

Kristeva, Julia 98–101

Lacan, Jacques 88 language 56

and the child 90–1 unconscious as 88 Legitimation 50–3, 105 Lévi-Strauss, Claude 66 logocentrism 77–8 Lyotard, J.-F. 20, 22–3, 182

machine-aesthetic 27 Marxism 9, 182 memes 186–7 metalanguage 76 metanarrative 103, 105, 182 metonymy 60–3

women as 95–6 Minimalism 43 modern art 22, 86 definition of 6 modernism 11, 45

and postmodernism 19 music 160–1

9/11 175–6, 178, 179, 180,

184, 185

paradigmatic plane 64–5 relationships 60–1 Picasso, Pablo 12, 84, 86 Pollock, Jackson 30–2 Pop Art 39 postmodernism 56–113

defined 4, 20, 48 eclectic 47 false 46 history 114 and modernism 19 poststructuralism 72–3

radical conservatism 153 realism 13; see also socialist realism reality border with art 54 and Cézanne 14–15 see also Sublime

Reality reason 77–9 reflexivity 73 representation 13, 22, 25 Rushdie, Salman 156–7

Sartre, Jean-Paul 188 Saussure, Ferdinand de

56–65 self, fiction of 88 semiology 64, 72–4 sex 144–5, 93 signification 59, 90–1 signs see semiology simulacrum in art 54–5 socialist realism 29, 104 Stockhausen, Karlheinz 184 String Theory 188 structural anthropology 66 structuralism 56–7, 70–1,

79, 94 Sublime Reality 25 surrealism 32 symbolic order 92 syntagmatic plane 64–5 relationships 60

teleology 166 theory of everything

108–9, 188, 189 Third World postmodernism 160–3 Totalitarianism 29–30 totemism 67–8

uncertainty 14, 16 unconscious as a language 88–9

virtual reality 128, 130–1,

169–70

war 133–5, 156, 176–8

on terrorism 177–9, 181 Warhol, Andy 39–40, 184

Y2K 174

zero-consciousness 150

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