below Stanwick from above, looking north-east towards the snow-capped Pennines. The tr ee-line follows the northern and eastern sections of the perimeter rampart, which veers inwards to exclude the higher ground of Henah Hill (bottom centre in the photograph, centre right in the plan). The nucleus of the settlement was at the Tofts, which had been equipped with defences from an earlier date, and is visible centre right in the photograph (just above the church). The plan (above) shows probable routes across the interior and the likely extent of wet area in the floodplain of the Mary Wild valley (shaded blue), including the ‘island’ where Stanwick church stands.
Roman diplomacy and the rise of Stanwick
Roman meddling in northern England has long been held responsible for a remarkable fortified complex at Stanwick, North Yorkshire. But what was once seen as a centre of resistance to Rome’s rule, is now being cast as an instrument of her domination. Colin Haselgrove explained to Matthew Symonds what the expanding empire had to gain from a royal power centre in northern England.
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