FAR LEFT The cover of the very first issue of CA featured a Roman site: Gadebridge Roman Villa in Hemel Hempstead.
LEFT & ABOVE One of London's major redevelopments, No.1 Poultry, produced a wealth of Roman (and medieval remains). CA covered the archaeological investigations on the site in issues 143 and 158.
Given the pace of development that the capital saw, as well as its wealth of archaeology, it is unsurprising that CA regularly reported on sites across London in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s. Of particular interest to readers - given the recent listing of the 1980s postmodern building on the site - is No.1 Poultry, opposite the Bank of England, which CA reported on in issues 143 Gune 1995) and 158 Guly 1998). Here, demolition of the famous neo-Gothic Mappin & Webb building of 1870 revealed a wealth of Roman and also medieval remains. Other London stories include CA 73 (August 1980) on the Roman city's defences; CA 137 (February/March 1994) on the amphitheatre; CA 180 Guly 2002) on an extraordinary water-lifting machine that was discovered near Gresham Street; CA 280 Guly 2013) on excavations along the River Walbrook; and CA 296 (November 2014), which saw a return to the key site of the Temple of Mithras.
FREQUENT FLIERS Some Roman sites have been the focus of repeated visits by CA down the years, none more so than Colchester, which may win the accolade of being the most-visited site of all by the magazine. While there had been brief notes in issues 26 and 43, the first significant mention comes in CA 72 Guly 1980), after which CA popped by regularly for updates on the long-running fieldwork across the city, much of it led by Philip Crummy. The city appeared in CA 103 Guly 1987), CA 120 Gune 1990), CA 185 (April 2003, including an interview with Crummy himself), CA 201 Ganuary/February 2006), and CA 208 (March/ April 2007). Another 'frequent flyer' in this mould is Silchester, home to a long-running excavation by the University of Reading that has been led primarily by Michael Fulford. CA paid four major visits there over the years: in CA 82 (May 1982), CA 161 (February 1999), CA 177 Ganuary 2002), and CA 250 Ganuary 2011).
In more recent times, though, the magazine has regularly travelled further afield in search of Roman archaeology. Beyond the regular updates from Hadrian's Wall, there have been some excellent northern sites visited down the years, including Catterick, Yorkshire, in CA 166 (December 1999) and Corbridge, Northumberland, in CA 199 (September/ October 2005). Many readers will also remember the spectacular recovery of a large carved lioness from the river Cramond, on the western edge of Edinburgh, in 1997, which graced the front cover of CA ISS (December 1997). From
Wales, meanwhile, we have had reports on Caerleon in CA 226 Ganuary 2009) and CA 268 Guly 2012), where fieldwork undertaken jointly by the University of Cardiff and University College London has revealed the extraordinary survival of the legionary fortress there. I
LEFT The Cramond lioness, recovered from a river in 1997, was the cover star of CA 155.
Joe Flatman is Head of Listing Programmes at Historic England and the former County Archaeologist of Surrey. You can follow him on Twitter @joef/atman