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Publisher: Rolof van Hövell tot Westerflier Managing Director: Jasper Oorthuys Editor: Jasper Oorthuys Proofreader: Naomi Munts Special thanks: Jona Lendering Design & Media: Christianne C. Beall Design © 2016 Karwansaray Publishers Contributors: Duncan B. Campbell, Myke Cole, Sidney E. Dean, Hans Edelmaier, Michael Livingston, Haggai Olshanetsky, Mark Schwartz, Graham Sumner, Tacticus, Gareth Williams Illustrators: Seán Ó’Brógáín, Tomás Ó’Brógáín, Zvonimir Grbasic, Johnny Shumate, Graham Sumner

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ANCIENT ISRAEL AT WAR

THEME: The Twelve Tribes of Israel struggled to gain and maintain their nation on the strategic Palestinian land bridge.

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Warfare in ancient Israel Historical introduction

39

The stone frontier Rehoboam's fortifications

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Devoted to destruction The Moabite stone

Gideon's raid on En-Dor The first reported night attack

Coalition warfare The Battle of Qarqar, 853 BC

7

SPECIAL FEATURES

A praetorian in New York A hidden military diploma

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15

All-source analysis The key to unlocking the past

In front of the standards Who were the antesignani?

4

DEPARTMENTS

Preliminaries News and updates

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Gods and Kings Israelites in the Assyrian army

The Lachish reliefs Ancient Israel in art

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The myth of the othismos The art of tactics, part IV

Waiting in the wings A Roman Optio from Chester

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On the cover Royal chariot

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KEPT IN THE DARK The Midianites were in for a loud shock when Gideon ambushed their camp in the middle of the night...

WHEN PUSH COMES TO SHOVE The term 'othismos' is often used to describe hoplite warfare, but do we really understand what it means?

Ancient Warfare XI-4 3