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I A L

S P E C

1500 AD

IRE: circa AD 500 - 1453

BYZANTINE EMP

THE ROMAN &

1000 AD

500 AD

By Hareth Al Bustani

MUTILATIO N A S P UNISHMENT IN

TO SPITE A

T H E

B Y Z A

F A C E

N T I N E E M P

I

R E

THEME

The Byzantine system of spectacular, humili ating, and violent pu nitive mutilation mar ried Roman law with ancient eastern tradi tions and a fundamen talist interpretation of Christian theology.

1 AD

Ancient History 18 55

z

The emperor Constantius II (pictured here) never lost any body parts. However, one of his successors, Justinian II DID have his nose cut off by a rival before being deposed. He made himself a golden prosthetic, seized power once again, and ruled for a bit longer before being murdered by yet another contender to the throne - Byzantine politics were rough! © Metropolitan Museum of Art

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