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THE TABLET A W eek ly N e w s p a p e r a n d R e v i e w

DUM VOBIS GRATULAMUB ANIMOS ETIAM ADDIMUS DT IN INCŒPTIS VESTBIS CONSTANTES MANKATIB

From the Brief o f His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

Vol. 165. No. 4951.

London, March 30, 1935.

Sixpence.

R e g i s t e r e d a t t h e G e n e r a l P o s t Of f i c i a s a N ew sp aper .

New s and No t e s .................. 385 Habemus Ducem ................. 389 Portugal To-day ................. 390 Our Historic English Con­

vents ............................ 391 Menevia ............................ 393 Prom The Tablet of Long

A g o ....................................... 393 The Triduum of Masses at

Lourdes ............................393 R e v i e w s :

Correspondence with the

Elect .............. . . . 394 Abbot Marmion’s Letters 394 Stands Scotland Where

She D i d ? ............................ 395

CONT R e v ie w s ( Oontd.). Page

The Enlightenment . . . 395 “ Injuns ” 396 The Art of New Rome . . . 396 “ Poulet à TAméricaine ” 398 The Pallas of the North 400 Hibernia Europæa . . . 400 A Forgotten W anderer... 402 Our Betters 1 402 A Companion to the

B r e v ia r y ............................ 404 New Books and Music . . . 404 Books Received ................. 405 Correspondence :

Rome (Our Own Corre­

spondent’s Weekly Letter from) ............................ 407

ENTS

Com in g E ve n t s .................. 408 The See o f Westminster . . . 409 E p is c o p a l Engagements 409 L enten P astorals :

Leeds

409

Middlesbrough ................. 410 Salford ............................ 410 Et Ce t e r a .............................. 412 L e tters to th e Ed i t o r :

El Gran C h a c o .............. 413 “ Pro Deo ” .............. 413 Father St. John’s Articles 414 Ob it u a r y ............................4 14 Catholic Prison Work . . . 41 £

Or b is T errarum :

Page

England .................... 416 Ireland ...................... 416 China ...................... 417 Ecuador ...................... 417 . France ...................... 417

Germany ...................... 417 Madagascar ...................417 Spain . . . .............. 417 Uganda ......................418 U.S.A.......................................418 Convent Fire at Mill Hill 418 Blessed Thomas More,

Speaker ......................418 The Vatican Archives . . . 420 So c ia l and P ersonal . . . 420 Ch e s s ....................................... 420

NOTANDA

Cardinal Bourne’ s successor. The fruitful career and varied experience o f Westminster’s fifth A rch bishop (pp. 385, 389, 409).

In answer to the charge that Mexico’s Bishops and clergy have not obeyed the law, the Apostolic Delegate turns the tables on the Government (p. 385).

A strange committee o f “ Christian organizations.” The Tablet examines a biased manifesto (p. 386).

An operation on the Bishop o f Leeds. The latest bulletin as to his lordship’ s condition (p. 408).

Church Order. The Anglican Bishop o f Gloucester on an “ Anglo-Catholic ” inconsistency (p. 387).

In an introductory paper, Dom Basil Whelan, O .S .B ., begins the story o f some historic English convents (p. 391).

On Tristan da Cunha, fo r the second time, the H o ly Sacrifice is offered (p. 388).

NEWS AND NOTES O NCE more, the Catholic Hierarchy o f England and Wales has a Head. To-day’s Tablet records the appointment o f Monsignor Arthur Hinsley, Archbishop o f Sardes, as fifth Metropolitan o f Westminster. W ith deep respect we tender to His Grace the assurance o f our loyalty and obedience.

Shamed at last into defensive utterance, some of our non-Catholic fellow-countrymen are excusing themselves from joining with us in protest against the Mexican persecution. They are accepting the persecutors’ impudent plea that all would be well in Mexico if the Catholic Bishops and clergy would “ obey the law.” Educated Christians ought not to

N ew S eries. Vol. CXXXIII. No. 4350.

need telling that this has nearly always been the persecutor’s excuse. Hardly ever does he say frankly “ I hate the religion of these men, so I have killed them.” Some o f the Saints after whom even Protestant churches are named were slain by Emperors or governors on the pretext that they had defied the law. But in this Mexican instance, the insolent dishonesty o f such apologists as Senor Almazan will not stand examination from any angle o f vision ; because many o f the banishments and other persecuting acts have been wrought on counts which even Mexico’s harsh laws do not regard as crimes. In a remarkable Open Letter to General Cardenas (the Mexican President), Mgr. Leopoldo Ruiz, the Apostolic Delegate for Mexico, has proved with deadly thoroughness that the illegalities are on the Government side.

Here are some examples. The punishment of exile is supposed to be non-existent in Mexico’s penal code, except for foreign-bom citizens ; yet Mgr. Ruiz, as well as Bishops Manriquez, Arozco, Guizar, and Armora, are in exile for no “ crime ” beyond being Catholic Bishops. The Bishops of Tabasco, Colima, Campeche, Sonora, Chiapas, Chilapa, Oaxaca, Tchuantapec, Vera Cruz, Huajapan de Léon, Durango, Tepee and Zacatecas are also exiles. I f half the Anglican Episcopate in this country had to live in Holland or Scandinavia, simply because they were Bishops, what sort o f Christians would Anglicans be if they sat dumb under such doings ? Nor are Bishops the only exiles from Mexico. Simply for being priests, hundreds o f clergy have suffered expulsion.

One o f the clauses in the dishonestly manipulated Constitution o f 1917 gives to the various Legislatures o f the Mexican Republic power to fix the maximum number o f priests “ necessary ” for the religious needs o f the particular State ; but no Mexican law enables either State or Federal authorities to eliminate the clergy altogether. Y et in Tabasco, Sonora and five other States the Legislatures have decided that there shall be no priests at all. In

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