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f December 14, 1935

THE TABLET y l Weekly N e w s p a p e r a n d R e v ie w

DUM VOBIS GRATULAMUB ANIMOS ETIAM ADDIMUS UT IN INCCEPTIS VESTBIS CONSTANTEB MANEATIS

From the Brief of His Holiness Pius IX to The Tablet, June 4,1870.

V o l . 166. No. 4988.

London, December 14, 1935.

S i x p e n c e .

R e g is t e r e d at t h e G eneral P o s t Of f i c e a s a N ew s pa p e r .

Page

N ew s and No t e s ................... 773 The Westminster Mosaics . . . 777 To Tree or Not to Tree? . . . 778 A Distinction and a Differ­

ence ........................................ 779 Com in g E v e n t s ................... 779 4‘ El Divino Impaciente ” . . . 780 The Liturgy and the Laity 780 R e v ie w s :

“ The Friend of the Oppressed ” 781 Three Grand Men . . . 781 A Medicean Chronicle . . . 782 A Far-Fetched Jam-pot . . . 782 By the Author of

“ Bretherton " ..................782 “ Bedad and Be Jabers ” 783

CONT

Page

New Books and Music . . . 784 Books Received ................. 784 Advent P astorals :

Plymouth ............................. 785 Birmingham ................. 786 B r en tw ood ............................. 786 St. Bede as Historian . . . 787 Correspondence :

Rome (Our Own Corre­

spondent’s Weekly Letter from) ............................. 789 Society of Our Lady of

Good Counsel ................. 790 From The Tablet of Long

A g o .......................... ••• 791 S.V.P. Brothers in Con­

ference ............................. 791

ENTS

Page

Et Cætera . . . ................ 792 Speech Day Celebrations . . . 793 Obituary ................ 794 W i l l s ................ 794 Le t t e r s to t h e E d i t o r :

Father Edmund Lester,

S.J.

...............794

Usury

...............794

The Sixteenth Century

Churches of Lima . . . 795 George Brandes ............... 795 Or b i s Terearum :

England

Scotland

Ireland

...............796

...............797

...............797

Or b i s T errarum (Contd.) :

Page

Belgium .............................797 East Africa ................. 797 France .............................797 Germany ............................. 798 I t a l y ........................................ 798 Oceania ............................. 798 The Philippines ................. 798 Poland ............................. 798 Spain ............................. 798 Switzerland 798 U.S.A........................................ 798 West Africa ................. 799 Y u g o s la v ia ............................. 799 The Breakespeare Club . . . 800 So c ia l and P ersonal . . . 800 Ch e s s ........................................ 800

NOTANDA Moves for Peace in East Africa. An article in the Osserz’atore Romano (p. 773).

“ I t a l y ” and the Italians. A Tablet leaderwriter insists upon a distinction and a difference (p. 779).

Five Notes on Mexico. How the City of London is learning that the despoilers of churches are also the confiscators of British property (pp. 775-6).

Westminster Cathedral’s mosaics. What Cardinal Bourne said about them (p. 777).

The Bishops to their flocks. More extracts from the Advent Pastorals (pp. 785-7).

Trees. Glamorgan’s welcome and Cumberland’s grumble (p. 778).

Anglicans on the Ministry of Women. A Catholic comment, historical and theological (p. 774)

The Liturgy and the L a i ty : how layfolk may be introduced to plain-chant (p. 780).

A question—in fact, a number of questions— for a church thief (p. 792).

NEWS AND NOTES K EEPING its o\ra counsel concerning the efforts it has made and is making for Peace, the Holy See has nevertheless revealed its mind on the terms of a possible settlement. An article in the Osservatore Romano, after warmly commending the peace-makers, recalls the Sovereign Pontiff’s earlier entreaty for “ a peace of honour and dignity based on justice and on respect for the rights of others.” Inviolable rights on the one side and urgent necessities on the other can be reconciled when there are reciprocal understanding and mutual concession. The Osservatore Romano is not, as was s ta ted in last Wednesday’s Times, “ an Italian paper ” ; but it is written and printed in a tiny Sovereign S tate which is encircled by Italy on every

N ew S e r ie s . Vol. CXXXIV. No. 4387.

side, and therefore its Editor is a daily eye-witness of the Italians’ passionate patriotism . In the course of his article, he boldly says th a t passion “ however noble it may be ” must be put away if there is to be “ a true and durable peace ” which will not leave behind it a heritage of rancour and revenge. The disputants must make a peace in which there will be “ equality of generosity ” instead of attem pts on one side to humiliate the other. In short, the Osservatore article gives substance to The Tablet’s adumbration called “ The Way to Peace ” which we printed as a leading article on November 9.

In “ The Way to Peace,” we ventured to hint that “ an extreme logicality in temporal affairs ” is not the Papal tradition. On all th a t concerns the Catholic Faith, we said, the Pope is inflexible ; but when he seeks to compose a temporal dispute he knows how to avoid th a t “ too sheerly juridical view which can have the disastrous sequel expressed in the maxim summum jus, summa injuria.” At this moment, the danger to Peace lies among fierce League-folk whose pacifist antecedents do not restrain them from sternly demanding I ta ly ’s abject humiliation and complete surrender to Geneva. If—we might say when—the Pope is not found among these intransigents, he will again be attacked ; but we may confidently prophesy th a t His Holiness will be as little perturbed as before by censures, and will quietly persevere in the discharge of his peacemaking mission. The straitest sect of League-men, if allowed to manage this affair, would only prolong the War, and would have to become realists in the end.

In writing thus of possible compromise, we are not to be understood as giving support to any settlement which would allow Ita ly to transform her de facto control over parts of Northern Abyssinia into a sovereignty de jure except as part of a Treaty to’' which Abyssinia gives her free and unforced consent. The Treaty would have to make it clear th a t any exchange of territory is made upon its

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