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The Independent Magazine for


Editor: Philippa Lee Design: Robert Wilcockson

EDITORIAL ADDRESS The Editor, The Square, Lewis Masonic, Heritage House, 52-54 Hamm Moor Lane, Addlestone, Surrey, KT15 2SF Email:

Advertising Manager: Martin Faulks Tel: 01986 895433 Mobile: 07717 687040 Email:

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PUBLISHING Publisher: David Allan Ian Allan Publishing Ltd, Addlestone, Surrey, KT15 2SF. Registered Office: Terminal House, Shepperton, Middlesex TW17 8AS, UK

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FREQUENCY Published quarterly in March, June, September and December.

© Lewis Masonic 2018

All rights reserved. No part of this magazine may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, scanning or by any information storage or retrieval system, on the internet or elsewhere, without permission from the Publisher in writing. Whilst every care is taken with any material submitted for the magazine, all submissions are at the owner’s risk and no responsibility can be accepted for loss or damage, howsoever caused. Every effort has been made to identify and correctly attribute copyright material. Should any error have occurred this is entirely unintentional and acknowledgment will be made in a future issue. The Publisher and Editor accept no responsibility in respect of any goods or services which may be offered in the magazine. The opinions and views expressed in the magazine are not necessarily those of the Publisher or the Editor.

December 2018 £4.50


Freemasonry in Popular


Cover image: Robert Wilcockson.


Volume 44 No.4 December 2018

5 From the Editor: Philippa looks back on her first year of editing The Square 7 Freemasonry in Popular Culture: From comic books to films, Freemasonry has often featured in popular culture; here we explore some examples of the most overt references to Freemasonry in ‘Pop Culture’. 12 Nicholas Hawksmoor – the Devil’s Architect: Hawksmoor was a Freemason and one of the 18th century’s most prolific architects. 16 Brother Anderson’s Library: Who was the man behind the Constitutions,

and why was he such an apparently unreliable narrator? Dr Susan Mitchell Sommers explores James Anderson’s library for clues. 19 The Order of the Dragon – Societas Draconistarum:

Alex Lishanin investigates this mysterious Chivalric Order. 23 Towards a Freemasonry of the Central Powers: The Berlin Conference of 1918: Reinhard Markner describes the political tension that caused the disintegration of Freemasonry in Europe after the First World War. 26 Grand Lodge of Vienna – Celebrating 100 Years: Peter Hoffer looks back on the history of Freemasonry in Austria as it celebrates its centenary. 28 Bejewelled: Badges, Brotherhood and Identity: the latest exhibition at the Museum of Freemasonry in London. 33 Disability Access Audits – The First Step towards Equality Compliance:

Brian Baker explains how the Disability Access Audit is a vital exercise to satisfy UK disability law. 34 Disability – a Personal Perspective: Several members wrote in to share their experiences of disability; here is a personal perspective from ‘A Mason aged 88’. 38 Focus on: Norfolk Museum of Freemasonry: Martin Faulks gives us a glimpse of the new Museum of Freemasonry in Norwich. 40 Tips on Remembering: Stuart Harker offers vital tips to help you remember your Masonic ritual. 42 The Apron and its Symbolism: Jean-Yves Legouas looks at the symbolism of the apron within the different rituals. 45 The Essenes: Mike Karn explores the history and mystery of this ancient sect. 50 Two Perpendicular Parallel Lines: How can two lines be both perpendicular and parallel? Matthew Leilich gives us the answer. 51 Ashlar Chippings: Hugh O’Neill gives us his regular round up. 55 A Quarterly Advancement: Craig Weightman with his regular column;

this issue he reflects on ‘the season of renewal’. 59 Book Review: Aubrey Newman reviews A History of Craft Freemasonry in Sheffield, 1761-2017 by John Wade. 60 Square Bookshelf Competition: In the September issue we asked readers to send in a photo of their Masonic bookshelves and comment as to their favourite book – see the winners here! 62 Freemasonry A-Z: Our regular feature taking us through Freemasonry from Abacus to Zerubbabel. 68 Letters to the Editor: A roundup of correspondence from our readers. 70 News, Views and Events: Keeping you informed about Freemasonry around the world. 73 How Many Freemasons Does It Take to Change a Light Bulb?:

A light-hearted view of lodge organisation! 74 Beyond the Craft: Michael Adams continues his look at the appendant

Orders of Freemasonry with Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia (S.R.I.A).

December 2018 • The Square 3

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