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Contents Permaculture is...


3 TRANSITION TREES Ben Law on roundwood timber framing and the importance of planting the right tree species for use in a post oil future.

an innovative framework for creating sustainable ways of living; a practical method for developing ecologically harmonious,

efficient and productive systems that can be used by anyone, anywhere.

9 PERENNIAL VEGETABLES Perennial vegetables are worth cultivating and keeping – Patrick Whitefield identifies his favourites.

12 USEFUL TREES IN PUBLIC SPACES Wade Muggleton on reinvigorating the culture of the commons.

19 FROM BASEMENT TO BANQUET A magical story of good fortune and ethical enterprise, told by Imogen Oxley.

22 THINKING GLOBALLY, ACTING LOCALLY Patrick Whitefield explains why modest local meat consumption is the key to sustainable agriculture.

25 EARTH RESTORATION In what way does humanity have the power to heal the earth and affect meaningful change in the world? Alan Watson Featherstone explains.

29 CAN YOU GROW HAPPINESS? Chris Johnstone thinks so. Here he describes seven strategies for cultivating good mood.

33 SAVING SEED & PRESERVING CULTURE Lidia Montemuri visits the Basudha research station in north eastern India.

43 ART & PERMACULTURE Do the artist and permaculturist share the same vision? Adam Wolpert explores the two perspectives.




REGULARS 15 Solutions! 16 Product Review 37 Permaculture News 65 GEN News 67 Letters 69 Reviews 72 Courses 77 Classified Exchange 80 Subscriptions & Renewals





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47 SMALL FARM PERMACULTURE Chris Smaje describes the design of his permaculture holding and explores how farms may look in a post oil future.

51 TWIST & TWANG How to make useful structures using roundwood,

polypipe and tensegrity building techniques, by Steve James.

58 A BENIGN EXTRAVAGANCE? Simon Fairlie opens the debate about food localisation in a transition culture, and discusses its wider implications.


Jackie Singer extols the importance of ceremonial gathering.




No. 65

Permaculture Magazine