Skip to main content
Read page text

Page Text

Jama Masjid, Mandu, Madhya Pradesh, India, taken by Vernon & Co, 1912. The Jama Masjid (‘Friday Mosque’) is a prime example of the Islamic architecture within the ruined fortress city of Mandu in central India. Encircled by a 45-kilometre wall punctuated by 12 gates or darwazas, it occupies 23 square kilometres of a 634-metre-high plateau in the Vindhya Range. The area was first fortified during the sixth century and became strategically important to the Hindu Paramaras during the tenth century. The Muslim rulers of Delhi conquered Mandu in 1305 – renaming it Shadiabad, meaning ‘City of Joy’ – but it fell to the Mughals a century later, and it was under their rule that the Islamic monuments were built. Said to be inspired by the Great Mosque in Damascus, the Jama Masjid was completed in 1454. Constructed using pink sandstone, it comprises a vast courtyard bounded on three sides by columned cloisters such as the one shown here, as well as a huge dome above the porch. This photograph is attributed to Bombay-based Vernon & Co, one of many photography studios that documented British India at the turn of the century

The Royal Geographical Society Picture Library is an unrivalled resource, containing more than half a million images of peoples and landscapes from all over the world. The collection holds photographs and works of art from the 1830s onwards and includes images of exploration, indigenous peoples and remote locations. For further information on image licensing and limited-edition prints, or to search our online collection of more than 7,000 images, visit Rolex kindly supports public access to the Society’s collection of photographs, books, documents and maps.


Skip to main content