Editor-in-chief: Jasper Oorthuys Editor: Sandra Alvarez Image research: Lauren van Zoonen Proofreading: Naomi Munts Design & Media: Christianne C. Beall Design © 2017 Karwansaray Publishers Contributors: Manja Aalderink, Hareth Al Bustani, Larissa Bonfante, Ross Cowan, Scott Forbes Crawford, Manon Henzen, Chris Naunton, Lindsay Powell, Graham Sumner, Jean MacIntosh Turfa Illustrators: Rocío Espin, Zvonimir Grbasic, Joshua R. Hall, Julia Lillo, Jose Moran, Tina Ross, Graham Sumner Special thanks: Carole Raddato (followinghadrian.com) and Jona Lendering (livius.org) for their photographs Print: Grafi Advies Editorial office PO Box 4082, 7200 BB Zutphen, The Netherlands Phone: +31-848-392256 (Europe), +1-740-994-0091 (US) E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Customer service: email@example.com Website: www.ancienthistorymagazine.com Contributions in the form of articles, letters, reviews, news, and queries are welcomed. Please send to the above address or use the contact form on www.ancienthistorymagazine.com Subscriptions Subscriptions can be purchased at www.kp-shop.com, via phone, or by email. For the address, see above. Distribution Ancient History is sold through retailers, the internet and by subscription. The exclusive distributor for the UK and the Republic of Ireland is Seymour Distribution Ltd, 2 East Poultry Avenue, London, EC1A 9PT, United Kingdom. Phone: +44 (0)207 429 4000. Copyright Karwansaray B.V. All rights reserved. Nothing in this publication may be reproduced in any form without prior written consent of the publishers. Any individual providing material for publication must ensure that the correct permissions have been obtained before submission to us. Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders, but in few cases this proves impossible. The editor and publishers apologize for any unwitting cases of copyright transgressions and would like to hear from any copyright holders not acknowledged. Articles and the opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent the views of the editor and/or publishers. Advertising in Ancient History magazine does not necessarily imply endorsement. Ancient History is published every two months by Karwansaray B.V., Zutphen, The Netherlands. PO Box 4082, 7200 BB Zutphen, The Netherlands. ISSN: 2451-8700 Printed in the European Union.
ON THE COVER Outside of tombs, few examples of Etruscan architecture have survived the ages. However, we know that their buildings must have been colourful and highly decorated from the numerous fragments that have come down to us. Made in ca. 490 BC, this antefix (a decorative element used to cap a row of ceramic tiles on a roof) has been decorated with the face of a woman, which may represent the goddess Juno. The figure wears a diadem and earrings, while the hair on her forehead has been fashioned into tight curls.
THE ETRUSCAN LEGACY Before Rome ruled Italy, control of the region was divided among a multitude of peoples. Wealthy and sophisticated, the Etruscans were one of the most prominent: many aspects of their culture would later be absorbed by the Romans.
Cosmopolitan Etruria International ties in central Italy
Lovers of life & luxury Etruscan society and daily life
Aristocratic adventurers Kings & warlords in archaic Italy
China reaches west The making of the Silk Road
Ancient cooking Dining with the Etruscans
Gallienus Death and megalomania
Preliminaries What's new in ancient history
Etrusca disciplinia Reconstructing an ancient religion
Further reading More books on Etruscan civilization
Hollywood Romans Gladiator (2000)
The city of lost tombs Death & rebirth in ancient Memphis
Ancient History travels Ancient Romans in Verona
THUNDERSTRUCK Predicting the future (in sometimes novel ways) was a cornerstone of Etruscan religion.
WELL-TRAVELED During the Han Dynasty, Chinese explorers looked for wealth and allies in the west.
Ancient History 22 3
TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S