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October/November 2019

Contents

Cover story

Features

Regulars

10 The Future of Waste The world is drowning in rubbish Kate O’Neill

Message in a plastic bottle

Patrick Schröder and Ashish Chaturvedi

Case for the Green New Deal Ann Pettifor

20 Interview Peter Frankopan, author of The Silk Roads, says that the West should not see China as an imperial power 24 China and Germany How a booming market morphed into rival for Berlin Pepijn Bergsen 27 TechPlomacy Your chance to be Denmark's tech ambassador for a day in Silicon Valley 28 Yemen How the proxies are outwitting the regional powers Farea al-Muslimi 32 Russia Putin has lost control of the voters Nikolai Petrov 34 Latin America Trump’s Venezuelan headache Christopher Sabatini 38 India The repercussions of Kashmir’s loss of special status Gareth Price 42 Low-carbon travel Four long trips without taking a plane

4 Contributors 5 The world in brief including Jargonbuster, shorts and international events 18 The Big Picture Hurricane Dorian 23 Date with history November , , the day the US Senate rejected the Versailles Treaty Anar Bata 31 Postcard from Lviv Will Ukraine’s joker deliver? Orysia Lutsevych 46 Review In Europe, everyone’s a migrant Sunder Katwala Jack Straw on Britain’s troubled relations with Iran Harvey Morris Reading list on Brexit Britain Marie Le Conte 50 Culture notes Telling Whoppers Catherine Fieschi Cover by Senne Trip

From the Editor For years rich countries have adopted a policy of ‘out of sight, out of mind’ when it comes to recycling waste. Consumers have been filling their bins with rubbish that is contaminated with food or otherwise unsuitable for recycling in the knowledge that it will be shipped abroad for someone else to sort out.

Not any more. Since China stopped taking in the world’s rubbish, the system has broken down leaving mountains of waste to be buried or burnt, writes Kate O’Neill in our cover story. The only solution is a global approach to the export of domestic rubbish, as already applies to the transfer of hazardous waste.

A good starting point is to ban singleuse plastic. Patrick Schröder and Ashish Chaturvedi report from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu on a plan to stop plastic waste polluting the shoreline and the oceans. Ann Pettifor, the champion of the Green New Deal, explains why her ideas are gaining ground among US Democrats.

A feature of our time is the growing number of regional conflicts that rage on without the Trump White House having the vision to end them. Venezuela, (page ) is a growing humanitarian disaster but Washington has run out of ideas on how to remove the Maduro government.

In Yemen, where , have died in four years of war, Farea al-Muslimi, (page ) argues that the conflict gets more confused and harder to resolve each day because regional powers are being manipulated by their local proxies.

Our interview (page ) is with Peter Frankopan, the Oxford historian and author of the global bestseller The Silk Roads, who argues that China is not an empire-builder and talk of a return to the Cold War era is misleading. Alan Philps

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