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ANCIENT HISTORY

Editor-in-chief: Jasper Oorthuys Editor: Sandra Alvarez Image research: Lauren van Zoonen Proofreading: Naomi Munts Design & Media: Christianne C. Beall Design © 2017 Karwansaray Publishers Contributors: Murray Dahm, Colleen Darnell, John Darnell, Christopher De Cou, Juan Carlos Moreno García, Sophie Hay, Manon Henzen, Jona Lendering, Lindsay Powell, Graham Sumner, James Blake Wiener Illustrators: Rocío Espin, Zvonimir Grabasic, Ilya Kurdrlashov, Graham Sumner, Marek Szyszko Special thanks: Carole Raddato (followinghadrian.com) and Jona Lendering (livius.org) for their photographs Print: Grafi Advies Editorial office PO Box 4082, 7200 BB Zutphen, The Netherlands Phone: +31-848-392256 (Europe), +1-740-994-0091 (US) E-mail: editor@ancienthistorymagazine.com Customer service: service@karwansaraypublishers.com Website: www.ancienthistorymagazine.com Contributions in the form of articles, letters, reviews, news, and queries are welcomed. Please send to the above address or use the contact form on www.ancienthistorymagazine.com Subscriptions Subscriptions can be purchased at www.kp-shop.com, via phone, or by email. For the address, see above. Distribution Ancient History is sold through retailers, the internet and by subscription. The exclusive distributor for the UK and the Republic of Ireland is Seymour Distribution Ltd, 2 East Poultry Avenue, London, EC1A 9PT, United Kingdom. Phone: +44 (0)207 429 4000. Copyright Karwansaray B.V. All rights reserved. Nothing in this publication may be reproduced in any form without prior written consent of the publishers. Any individual providing material for publication must ensure that the correct permissions have been obtained before submission to us. Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders, but in few cases this proves impossible. The editor and publishers apologize for any unwitting cases of copyright transgressions and would like to hear from any copyright holders not acknowledged. Articles and the opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent the views of the editor and/or publishers. Advertising in Ancient History magazine does not necessarily imply endorsement. Ancient History is published every two months by Karwansaray B.V., Rotterdam, The Netherlands. ISSN: 2451-8700 Printed in the European Union.

TRADE AND COMMERCE IN ANCIENT EGYPT Throughout much of Egyptian history, foreign and local trade networks were critical to the country's economy, and there is a great deal of evidence for state-run commerce. However, records of private traders and merchants remain far more scarce.

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Egypt's elusive traders Introduction to the theme

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The view from Upper Egypt Early international trade

From river to table Early sources for aquaculture

SPECIAL FEATURES

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Wilhelmina Jashemski Women excavating Pompeii

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Raiders, pirates, explorers The legacy of the Sea Peoples

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Ancient Rome's JFK moment The death of Germanicus Caesar

DEPARTMENTS

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Preliminaries What's new in ancient history

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Guarding the Western Desert War and trade in Egypt, ca. 1552 BC

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Further reading More books on Egyptian trade

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The Rudge Cup Ancient tourists or retirement gifts?

Tales that travel Migration & the spread of information

Hollywood Romans King Arthur (2004)

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Ancient cooking A flatbread for the road?

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ON THE COVER Though we know the ancient Egyptians must have engaged in a substantial amount of waterborne trade, and that they had trade routes that crisscrossed the Eastern Mediterranean, clear depictions of trading vessels are almost non-existent in their artwork. Other kinds of boats and ships are depicted frequently however, from humble fishing craft to ceremonial barques and royal funerary barges. The large sailing ships on the cover come from a relief in the 18th Dynasty tomb of Amenhotep (called Huy), the Viceroy of Kush under Tutankhamun.

© Metropolitan Museum of Art

INTO AFRICA Egypt's complex network of trade routes running south along the Nile and into the desert.

ANCIENT MIGRANTS A look at how knowledge and stories were spread across the ancient world.

Ancient History 24 3

TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S

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