WaterlooCombat and combat surgery on a Napoleonic battlefield Two battles were fought at Waterloo on 18 June 1815. One, waged by soldiers in the three armies that clashed that day, turned on taking lives; the other – fought just as desperately – was by field surgeons racing against time to save lives. Now survey and excavation are shedding new light on both sides of this ferocious struggle, as Tony Pollard reveals.
Since 2015, Waterloo Uncovered has been using archaeological techniques to investigate the site of the famous battle. With a win against the Prussians at Ligny and a draw against the Anglo-Allies at Quatre Bras on 16 June 1815, Napoleon would face the final battle of his illustrious military career at Waterloo on 18 June. The Duke of Wellington had withdrawn his army to a position around 10 miles south of Brussels, where a long ridge naturally lent itself to defence. There was dead ground enough behind it to conceal an entire army; a sunken road running across the top of the slope, as perfectly placed as any field fortification; and, on the forward slope, a series of high-walled farms providing ready-made strongpoints
BATTLE OF WATERLOO
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