Further Reading The standard English edition is Allan Gilbert (editor), Machiavelli: the Chief Works and Others (Durham NC, Duke University Press, 1965). The standard biography is R. Ridolfi, The Life of Niccolo Machiavelli, translated by Colin Grayson (London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1963). See also Sebastian de Grazia, Machiavelli in Hell (Hemel Hempstead, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1989, and London, Picador, 1992). The best short work on Machiavelli's life and work is Quentin Skinner, Machiavelli (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1981 ). There are several translations of The Prince available, including those of George Bull (London, Penguin, 1981) and Quentin Skinner and Russell Price (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1988); and one of The Discourses, Bernard Crick (editor) (London, Penguin, 1970). Other excellent works are: J. G. A. Pocock, The Machiavellian Moment: Florentine Political Thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1975), and Gisela Bock, Quentin Skinner and Maurizio Viroli (editors), Machiavelli and Republicanism (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990). Books applying Machiavelli to modern politics include Alistair McAlpine, The Servant: A New Machiavelli (London, Faber & Faber, 1992), and Edward Pearce, Machiavelli's Children (London, Victor Gollancz, 1993). The quotations by Isaiah Berlin are from "The Originality of Machiavelli", pp. 25-79 in his Against the Current, H. Hardy (editor) (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1981 ). Other passages quoted or mentioned: Donald Kagan, On the Origins of War and the Preservation of Peace (New York, Doubleday, 1995); Robert D. Putnam, Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1995); and Adrian Oldfield's excellent Citizenship and Community: Civic Republicanism and the Modern World (London, Routledge, 1990).
Oscar Zarate thanks Hazel Hirshorn and Maria Reidy at the Italian Culture Institute for picture research. Additional drawings on pages 83-85 by Woodrow Phoenix. Patrick Curry is a freelance writer and historian living in London. His interests include the history of astrology, literary criticism, politics and ecology.
Oscar Zarate has illustrated six other Introducing titles: Freud, Stephen Hawking, Quantum Theory, Evolutionary Psychology, Melanie Klein and Mind & Brain, as well as Lenin for Beginners and Mafia for Beginners. He has also produced many acclaimed graphic novels, including A Small Killing, which won the Will Eisner Prize for the best graphic novel of 1994, and has edited It's Dark in London, a collection of graphic stories, published in 1996.
Lettering by Woodrow Phoenix. Typesetting by Wayzgoose. 174