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Index achromatopsia 105 agnosia 1 08-1 0 Alzheimer 's disease 100 amnesia 94, 148 amygdala 80, 83-4, 164 Anomic aphasia 60 anosognosia 150 aphasia 24, 56-62 apraxia see ideomotor apraxia arcuate fasciculus 63 area 46 136 associative agnosia 109 attention 124-9 autism 165 axon 31, 33, 35

Ba.lint's syndrome 114 basal ganglia 43, 74 basis pedunculi 41 blindsight 131-3 body ego 78, 149-50

see also self brain 12-13 , 160

cells see neurons damage to 23-4 , 45 development of 39 hemispheres see hemispheres history 4-5 motor functions 24, 25, 26 parts of 40-5 ventricles 17-18 Broca's aphasia 24, 56

Capgras delusion 158-9 cell theory 30 central executive 136-7 cerebellum 12, 22, 40

damage to 73 memory location 98 chemical brain 35-6 cognitive map 122-3 colours 62, 104-5, 166 computers 54

comparing brain to160-1 connectiv ity 46

conscious functions 10 visual perception 114 consciousness 130-8

see also free will corpus callosum 44, 103, 116 cortex12,26,27,32,44

delusions 156-9 dendrites 31, 33, 35 depression 88 Descartes, Rene18 dopamine 36, 43, 154 drugs, effects of 36, 151-3

electric brain 33-4 electrodes 33 electrotherapy 19-20 electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) 5 emotional brain see limbic system emotions brain hemispheres 86-8 and decision-making 90-1 expressing 7 and the mind 11 and reason 89 epilepsy 34, 80, 111, 116, 151-3 excitatory connections 33 extrapyramidal fibres 70

fear 81-5 Flourens, Marie-Jean-Pierre 22 forebrain 39, 42 form agnosia 1 08, 114-15 freewill 6, 11, 139, 144-5 Fritsch, Gustav 23 frontal lobe 90, 107, 141-3

Galen, on the brain 15 Gall, Franz 21 Galvanism 20, 22 glial cells 31 Goltz 26 grey matter 32 gyri 32

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