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habituation 47 Hawking, Stephen 73 Head, Henry 28 hearing 24 Heider experiment 167 hemispheres 12, 44

emotions 86-8 language 65 spatial representation 122-3 vision 103, 105, 112-20 see also split brain hindbrain 39-40 hippocampus 43, 79, 123 Hitzig, Edouard 23 hormones 37 Hughlings-Jackson, John 27, 28 Huntington's disease 7 4, 154 hypothalamus 42, 79, 82

ideomotor apraxia 76 inhibitory connections 33 tuning 69

James, William 144

language and the brain 55-67 Lashley, Karl 26, 99 lateral geniculate nucleus 103 learning, perceptual 95 left hemisphere see hemispheres neglect see spatial neglect parietal lobe see parietal lobe limbic system 43, 79-82

damage to 90-1 epilepsy 151 prosopagnosia 11 0-11 lobes 45

see also frontal lobe; occipital lobe; parietal lobe; temporal lobe localization 23-6, 64 locus coeruleus 130, 151 Luria, Alexander 29

medulla 40 memory 46, 92-100

complexity 100 location 98-9 procedural 97 storage 95 see also working memory midbrain 39, 41 mind 9, 52

attempt to define 10-11 and body integration 46 evolution of 162 mental faculties 17 of other creatures 49-51 reading 164 motion blindness 106 motor neurone disease 73 motor system 24, 25, 26, 57

damage to 73-5 described 72 free will 139 see also movement; primary motor cortex movement 11, 68-78 multiple sclerosis 31

narrative self 138, 146-7 neglect see object-based neglect;

spatial neglect neo-cortex 44 nervous system 20, 30 neurons 31, 33 neurotransmitters 36 nuclei 32

object agnosia 108 -based neglect 129 occipital lobe 62, 104, 107 orienting response 124

pain, lack of experience of 166 paralysis 73 parietal lobe 76,107, 114, 127 Parkinson's disease 36, 41 , 43, 7 4

175

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