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Index accelerators 88–94, 108 aether 6, 23–6, 28–9 al-Haythem, Ibn 20 alpha (particles) 42, 44–7,

54, 56, 66 Anderson, Carl 69, 75, 80,

85 Anderson, P.W. 144 antimatter 75–6 anti-neutron 97 anti-proton 97 Aristotle 5 asymptotic freedom 121 atom 14, 57 atomic mass 53 atomic number 53 Avogadro, Amedeo 17

Bahcall, John 184 ba r yon 110, 117 Becquerel, Henri 40, 42,

59, 98 Berners-Lee, Tim 168 beta (particles) 42 Bethe, Hans 78 Bevatron 94, 97 Bjorken, James 111 Blackett, Patrick 76–7, 93,

165 Bohr, Niels 48–9, 57 Boltzmann, Ludwig 19 Born, Max 70 boson 105, 177 bottom quark 114 Brout, Robert 144–5 Brown, Robert 19 Butler, Clifford 92

Cabbibo, Nicola 114 cathode rays 26–31, 38 Chadwick, James 56 charge-parity (CP) 112 Charpak, Georges 165 cloud chamber 36, 64–9 Cockcroft, John 88 collimation 91 confinement 120 corpuscles 21, 23, 37, 52 cosmic rays 58–63, 66–8

Cosmotron 94 Coulomb, Charles-

Augustin de 59 Cowan, Clyde, Jr. 123–4 Cronin, James 113 Crookes, William 28–9, 59 Curie, Marie 40 Curie, Pierre 40 Cyclotron 89

Dalitz, Richard 100 Dalton, John 16–19 dark matter 178 Davis, Raymond, Jr. 184 Davisson, Joseph 72 Davy, Sir Humphry 18 de Broglie, Louis 72 deep inelastic scattering

116 Democritus 15 Descartes, René 7–8, 21 Dirac, Paul 69–76 drift chambers 166 Dualism 7–8 Dyson, Freeman 79

Eightfold Way 108–9 Einstein, Albert 19, 52, 81 electromagnetic force

127–9 electron 30, 37, 121 electron volt 88 elements 6, 8, 14 Ellis, Jonathan 148 empiricism 9 Englert, François 144–5 Evans, Lyn 170 experimental philosophy

11–12

Faraday, Michael 27, 50, 59 Fermi, Enrico 99 fermion 105, 177 Feynman, Richard 12, 79,

116 fields 50 Fitch, Val Logsden 113 frequency 52

G-Stack 94 gamma rays 42 Gassendi, Pierre 21 Gay-Lussac, J.L. 17

Geiger, Hans 44–5 Geiger–Müller tube 163,

165 Geissler, J.H.W. 26–8 Gell-Mann, Murray 95, 97,

107–9 General Relativity 138 Gianotti, Fabiola 174 Glaser, Donald 96 Glashow, Sheldon 111,

130–2 gluon 119 Goldstein, Eugen 28 Goldstone, Jeffrey 143 graviton 179–81 gravity 106, 179–81 Gross, David 121 Guralnik, Gerald 144–5

hadron 117 hadronization 120 Hagen, Carl 144–5 Hawking, Stephen 182 Heisenberg, Werner 70 Heisenberg’s Uncertainty

Principle 55 Hertz, Heinrich 32–4, 38 Hess, Victor 63, 75 hierarchy problem 176 Higgs, Peter 144–7 Higgs boson 146–55,

160–2, 169, 172–8 Hittorf, Johann 28 Hooke, Robert 21 Huygens, Christaan 21, 23

Iliopoulos, John 111 internet 168 ion 37, 53 ionization 37, 61–3, 163 ISABELLE collider 150 isotope 53

J/ Ps i 111 Joliot-Curie, Frédéric 56 Joliot-Curie, Irène 56 Jordan, Pascual 70

kaon 113 Kelvin, Lord (Thomson) 10 Kemmer, Nicholas 86 Kibble, Tom 144–5 kinetic theory 19

191

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