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Contents

Preface, 7

Introduction: Warfare and Weapons, 8 THE TIMELINE OF MILITARY HISTORY, 21 The Great Battles of History: An A–Z, 222

Further Reading, 258 Index, 261

Military Biographies

Sargon of Akkad (reg. 2334–2279 BCE) 22 Shamshi-Adad I (reg. 1813–1781 BCE) 22 Thutmosis I (reg. 1525–1512 BCE) 22 Thutmosis III (reg. 1504–1450 BCE) 22 Suppiluliamus (reg. 1380–1340 BCE) 24 Ramses II the Great (1304–1237 BCE) 24 Ashurnasirpal II (reg. 883–859 BCE) 24 Tiglath-Pileser (reg. 745–727 BCE) 24 Sargon II (reg. 721–705 BCE) 26 Sennacherib (reg. 705–681 BCE) 26 Esarhaddon (680–669 BCE) 26 Ashurbanipal (668–627 BCE) 26 Nebuchadnezzar II (605–562 BCE) 26 Cyrus the Great (reg. 559–530 BCE) 28 Darius I (The Great) (549–486 BCE) 28 Alexander the Great (Alexander III of

Macedon) (356–323 BCE)

36

Demetrius I Poliorcetes (336–283 BCE) 40 Ptolemy I Soter (c.367–282/3 BCE) 40 Seleucus I Nicator (c.358–280 BCE) 40 Antiochus III the Great (241–187 BCE) 42 Pyrrhus (319–272 BCE) 42 Hannibal (247–183 BCE) 45 Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major

(c.236–184 BCE)

45

Caius Marius (157–86 BCE)

48

Lucius Cornelius Sulla (138–78 BCE) 50 Quintus Sertorius (c.122–72 BCE) 50 Mithridates VI the Great (120–63 BCE) 50 Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius

Magnus)(106–48 BCE)

52

C. Julius Caesar (100–44 BCE)

52

Mark Antony (Marcus Antonius)

(c.82–30 BCE)

56

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (c.63–12 BCE) 56 Augustus (C. Octavius/Octavian) (63 BCE–

14 CE)

56

Marcus Ulpius Traianus (Trajan)

(reg. 98–117)

58

Lucius Septimius Severus (reg. 193–211) 60

Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus

(Diocletian) (reg. 284–305)

62

Flavius Valerius Constantinus (Constantine the Great) (reg. 306–337)

64

Theodosius the Great (reg. 379–395) 66 Flavius Stilicho (359–408) 66 Attila (d.453) 66 Flavius Aetius (396–454) 66 Gaiseric (428–477) 69 Euric (reg. 466–484) 69 Clovis I (reg. 481–511) 71 Belisarius (c.505–565) 71 Narses (c.480–573/4) 71 Heraclius I (reg. 610–641) 72 Charles Martel (c.688–741) 74 Charlemagne (768–814) 76 Krum, Khan of the Bulgars (reg. 802/3–814) 78 Mahmud of Ghazna (reg. 999–1030) 78 Alfred the Great (reg. 871–899) 80 Otto the Great (reg. 936–973) 82 Sveyn Haraldsson (Forkbeard) (c.960–1014) 82 Boleslav the Mighty (or the Brave)

(992–1025)

82

Basil II Bulgaroctonus (Slayer of the Bulgars) (963–1025)

85

Robert de Hauteville (Guiscard)

(1015–1085)

85

William I the Conqueror (1027–1087) 85 Richard I the Lionheart (1157–1199) 86 Philip II Augustus (reg. 1180–1223) 86 Saladin (Salah al-Din) (1138–1193) 88 Louis IX (reg. 1226–1270) 88 Valdemar II the Victorious / the Conqueror

(reg. 1202–1241)

Genghis Khan (1206–1277)

Edward I (reg. 1229–1307)

90

92

92

Baybars I (reg. 1260–1277)

Timur (Tamerlane, Timur lenk)

(1336–1405)

Robert I (the Bruce) (1274–1329)

94

96

98

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