ABOVE: Brooklyn Bridge, New York, USA, designed by John A. Roebling, 1883
12 BRIDGES SPANNING THE WORLD
Cusco and Lima, crossed a stupendously deep gorge. After the Spanish Conquest it remained in service, renewed every one or two years until the practice lapsed. (One such bridge still exists at Huinchiri.) The remarkable 5-mile (8-km) long bridge at Osijek in modern Croatia, designed by Mimar Sinan for the Ottoman emperor Suleyman the Magnifi cent, is known only from prints.
the lives of the fi fty-seven men who died building the Forth Bridge in Scotland were remembered and honoured. One of the most disastrous bridge collapses of modern times, in Sweden, was never reported in the world’s press as it collapsed on 1 September 1939, the day the Germans invaded Poland prompting the outbreak of World War II. Eighteen workers died as the concrete Sandö Bridge over the River Angermänälven collapsed.
The Sandö Bridge was completed and opened by the Swedish king in October 1943 but there are many of which there is no trace or are known only from prints or photographs. The most famous of all the Peruvian Inca bridges made of plant fi bre, on the road between
Bridges have repeatedly been triumphs of human endeavour. When it opened in May 1883, New York’s mighty Brooklyn Bridge was half as long again as any previous suspension bridge and its towers were the tallest structures in the western hemisphere. It was designed by the German-born engineer John A. Roebling (who had already built a railway suspension bridge over the Niagara Falls and another colossus over the Ohio River in Cincinnati). On the day it opened 150,300 people crossed the bridge. A week later a rumour that the bridge was about to collapse provoked a stampede killing twelve. Confi dence was restored when P. T. Barnum, the circus owner, led a parade of twenty-one elephants across the bridge.