Botanizing Searching for native plants in the wild. Drupe A stone fruit, such as a plum or a peach. Epiphyte A plant that grows on another plant, especially one that is not parasitic, such as the numerous ferns, bromeliads, air plants and orchids growing on tree trunks in tropical rainforests.
Ethnobotany The study of a region’s plants and their practical uses through the traditional knowledge of a local culture and people.
When applied to conservation, refers to the conservation of plants in places other than their natural habitat, e.g. seed banks, botanic gardens and horticulture.
A collection of preserved plant specimens and associated data used for scientific study. The term can also refer to the building or room where the specimens are housed.
When applied to conservation, refers to conservation by growing propagated versions of plants in their natural habitat.
Pharmacology The branch of biology concerned with the study of drug action.
A compound is said to have pharmacological activity if it causes a change to the working of the body, i.e. it acts like a drug.
The branch of science that encompasses the description, identification, naming and classification of plants and other living things.
Type specimen A scientific name is based on a particular specimen, the type specimen, maintained in a herbarium for reference purposes.
Voucher specimen This is a pressed plant sample that is maintained in a herbarium for future reference. It may be examined to verify the identity of a particular plant used in a scientific study.
8 • MODERN PLANT HUNTERS