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Panopticon, garden plan N, 159; fi g. 133 paradise, see also Eden; affliction and, 276n60;

and HESPEROS, 106, 266n70; and ‘Latomia del Paradiso’, 69; and PASIPHAË, 95; responsibility of gardens to, 12, 57; storm blowing from, 181; and walls, 56, 69 paradox, and betweenness, 15, 188; and chiasmus, 264n35; and concepts of wu-wei and Gelassenheit, 264n39; conditions truth, 191; confounds choice, 15; and Dionysos, 97; haunts existence, 235; in Heraclitus, 191; and Hermes, 65, 71; and Hölderlin, 280n4; and ‘knowing suffering’, 280n4; of lake as fulcrum, 100; and Rilke’s Gong, 235; and trobar clus, 261–62n90; and tsim tsum, 260n54 paredros, 28–29*; and ALSOS, 198; and angel,

29, 183, 256n16; companion, 28, 256n16*; and the Friend, 183, 256n20, 276n59; for whom garden made, 29; and genius of the place, 256n16; guardian of invisible, 29; and HADES, 156; and Khidr, 183; and RHODOS, 183; and Ut paredros poesis stone, 28–29 Parkes, M.B., 283n25 Parmenides, 280n4 parousia, and Dionysos, 100, 265n50 ‘participation mystique’, 264n38; and Dionysos,

95; and Jung, 264n38; and Lévy-Bruhl, 264n38 Pascal, Blaise, and betweenness, 15, 252n24;

and space, 218, 282n15; and wretchedness, 146 Pasiphaë, queen, 68, 261n83; and Ariadne,

275n45; and Phaedra, 82 PASIPHAË/DANAË, garden plan 5, 45,

65–71*, 248; aberrant eroticism in, 68, 69, 71; and abjection, 60, 69, 71; and AUXO, 71; and captivity, 68, 69; and Cavafy, 68; claustrophobia of, 60, 66; Danaë, 69; exotic nature of, 68, 69, 71; former bull yard, 68; and HERMES, 68, 71; and ‘Latomia del Paradiso’, 69; and Lorca, 71; marble horns in, 68; and masculinity, 68–69; merboy and parakeet in, 68; and Minotaur, 68; for those ostracised, 69; and panic, 71; planting, 69; seclusion of, 45, 68; in summer, 71; and transgression, 71; and Underworld, 69; and walls, 65, 68, 71; and Zeus, 69; fi gs 48, 49, 50, 51 passio essendi, 252n27, 255n9 pastoral, for Pan, Themis, 219, 282n21; part of garden, 9; pastoral premise in man, 282n21; ‘orphan’ pastoral in Rilke, Trakl, 282n21 PASTORAL LOOP, see also EOS, HESPEROS,

KEDALION, PAN, THEMIS; 71, 106, 166, 195, 208–37*; adds dimension to garden, 209; begins in KEDALION or EOS, 209; compensates valley introspection, 209; different perspectives from each fi eld of, 213; fieldscapes of, 215; and garden logo, 205; grazed by sheep, 209; outermost vessel of garden, 71; situates garden, 209 Pater, Walter, and soul, 18, 254n36; and hyperborean Apollo, 251n7 Paul, St, and kenóo, 156, 274n7 Pausanias, and Muses, 262n5; and rites by

Alkyonian Lake, 276n47 Pegasus, 82, 85, 263n22,n23; and Lorca inscription, 83, 263n16; fig. 68 Pelias, 26 Penelope, and ITHAKA, 117, 274n76 Pentheus, 276n48 peripeteia, and Aristotle, 263n27; in ARTEMIS,

38; and attitude to space, 95; from axial to transverse momentum in main garden, 92; and figure of chiasmus, 95; on HERMES path, 56; as inward turn, 60; and radical withdrawal, 60

Persephone, abduction of, 169, 174, 199, 258n10,

272n52, 275n44; and ELEUSIS, 168–69; epiphany of, 169; as kore, ineffable maiden, 37, 169, 257n16; Queen of the Dead, 156; seduced by flower, 50, 258n10; statue in ARTEMIS, 37; and Underworld, 169; fi gs 22, 172 Petronius, 260n45 Phaedra, 82 phallic, phallus, absent in HADES, 122, 159; and fascination, 53, 258n20; and Hermes, 14, 53, 57, 65, 122; and IMBROS, 118, 122; and LERNA, 177, 276n47; and Pan, 159; phallic gods, 122; and refl exive space, 14; signal function of, 53; and stone, 53 Phibbs, John, and Brown’s lakes, 269n14 PHILYRA, 199, 280n11 pictorial values, and ‘indoor perpendicular’,

143; and ‘inner stanch’, 143; and Poussin, 139, 142–43 Piero della Francesca, 177 pilcrow, garden plan K; ‘new paragraph’ sign,

214; fi g. 187 Pindar, and Asclepius, 267n3; and Chiron,

280n11; and Danaë, 261n85; and the Horae, 226; and ‘measure’, 254n41; and Pegasus, 263n22; and Polemos, 279n16 pivot, pivotal, see also footing; and

Archimedean purchase, 100, 146; and covert, caesural vantages, 201; and fateful hub, 81; groundless (daoshu), 19, 144, 146, 272n58; groundless and salient, 146; and ELEUSIS, 166; in HERMES, 55; instrumental and ineffable, 146; invisible, 62; lake as, 19, 146; and OREXIS, 94, 146; ‘Pivot of the Tao’, 144, 146, 254n49; and Poussin’s lakes, 135; selfeffacing, 147; wound as, 146 place, see also space, temenos; abject, 69, 183;

actual and imaginal, 271n41; bracketed, 283n25; dismissal of, 151; dwelling-place, 13, 38, 79, 107, 143, 266n70; of emptiness, 115, 155; and EPIDAUROS, 111; exile from securities of, 275n20; and fabled space, 271n41; and gardens, 28, 48, 97, 98, 143, 150, 265n47, 275n22, 278n5; genius of, 256n16, 267n6; and geographers, 271n41; and HADES, 155, 274n5,n6; ‘of happy arrival’, 169; of healing, 111, 204; and HESPEROS, 106; and heterotopia, 24, 254n2, 278n5; in the humanities, 271n41; importance and fragility of, 271n41*; liminal, 278n5; for Necessity, 101–2; need to be rooted in absence of, 158; of offering, 113; and philosophers, 271n41; place-making, 271n41; relative suffi ciency of, 271n41; sacred, 55, 111, 155, 259n36,n37; sanctions of, 71; and security, 226n41; and space, 271n41; ‘to stand’, 255n9, 272n59; ‘that is between’, 15, 18, 27, 42, 97, 99, 105, 147, 207, 259n38; ‘That is not our own’, 116; of transmission, 133; and voice, 207 planting: in ALSOS, 198; in ARIADNE, 148; in

ARTEMIS, 43; in AUXO, 49; in ELEUSIS, 169–71, 174; in ELIS, 158; in EOS, 210, 211; in EPIDAUROS, 112, 114; in HERMES, 51, 62, 65, 261n75; in IOLKOS, 23–24; in IOSIS, 166; in KEDALION, 228–31; in LERNA, 176; in NORTH WOOD, 193, 199; in ORTO CAROLINA, 224; in PAN, 214, 219; in POTHOS, 75; in PASIPHAË, 69, 71; in SELENE, 163; in THEMIS, 226; in ZOLFO, 164–65 Plato, and Ananke, 265n55; and chiasmus,

264n35; and chora, 283n33; and geometry, 62; and metaxu, 15, 252n23; and Mnemosyne, 152n4; and paredros, 256n16; and Pothos, 75, 262n1; and Socrates, 255n6; and soul’s desire for Hades, 260n48

Plaz Metaxu, and brokenness 12, 57, 60, 100,

182, 256n16; and caesural gardening 15, 97, 147, 184–91; design of, 14, 21, 41, 65, 71, 114, 116, 123, 133, 155, 196, 331, 261–62n90; and dwelling, 19, 31–43, 143–45, 185; and ‘ensoulment’, 265n47, 276n61; as experiment, 14, 19, 207, 255n4; and gratitude for space, 111–12; as heterotopia, 24, 278n5; and invisible, 29, 57, 255n4; offers itself, 41, 151; Orphic spatiality of, 18, 207, 237; and poetic courage, 12, 56, 125, 145, 150; and proper footing, 27–28, 255n9; and Studley Royal 185, 188; and theatre of betweenness, 104, 147; and theophany, 14, 35, 36, 53, 100, 123, 155–56; topo-poetic method of, 15, 111–12, 156, 201, 252–53n27, 255n4; and wholeness of being, 18, 28, 253n32 Plaz Metaxu, entrance stone, 25; fig. 11 Plotinus, 29, 256n16 Plutarch, 263n17, 275n45 Pluto, Plutonic riches, 146; lake as Plutonic interval, 199 poetic basis of mind, 12 poetic courage, 12; and docility, 27, 97, 125, 140,

145; and Narcissus, 145; and passio essendi, 252n27; and votive space, 43; and wound, 145 poetic rumours, of gods’ visits, 35; keeping space on tenterhooks, 15; and inner life of garden, 255n4 poetics of condensation/steeping, see also trobar clus; 261–62n90 poetics of deliverance, see also clairvaux;

261–62n90 poetics of space, see also space; and l’amour de loin, 42–43; and Bachelard, 15; and corner, 201; at Epidauros, 112; in garden, 12, 15, 18, 43, 56, 112, 123, 127, 150, 157, 201, 207; meanings of space for imagination 55; for soul, 60, 95,102, 111–12, 127, 156, 213, 251n4, 261n79, 263n30; in pastoral elegy, 12; in Rilke, 43; in Trakl’s Zwischenreich, 15 poetry, poetics, see individual poets, Orpheus,

poetics of space, topo-poetics poets, importance of for garden, 15 Pöggeler, Otto, 273n66 poise, of balcony, 65; of caesura, 188; of

ELEUSIS, 166; in EPIDAUROS, 191n10; existential, 188; of garden, between here and elsewhere, 168; of lake, 133; and liminal, 188; of Palladio, 18; of Racinian antechamber, 283n26; between soul’s need for space and inwardness, 205; spatial poise as garden’s duty of care, 116; of Studley Royal, 185; in Trakl’s Gerechtigkeit, 62; unobtainable for Lorca’s boy, 62; of valley, 92, 94 Polemos, god of strife, 191, 279n16 Pollan, Michael, 268n33 polytheism, and betweenness, 14; and garden design 14, 21, 41, 71 Pope, Alexander, and genius of place, 267n6;

and ‘place to stand’, 255n9 porosity, of being, 252n27; of boundaries,

253n28; of garden’s classicism, 19 Poseidippos, 268n22 Poseidon, 68, 82, 106, 218, 263n22, 263n23 posthumous, appeal to classical values, 19;

buoyancy, 157; character of Hesperos, 101, 104, 105; continuity of Dionysos, 97; hope, 85; life of axis in ANANKE and HESPEROS, 92; mindfulness, 265n54; rescue of boy, 62; unity of garden, 101 Pothos, god, 75, 262n1; and Mnemosyne, 79 POTHOS, garden plan 6, 72–76*, 241–42,

244–47; and ANANKE, 106; begins axis, 75; dedication to god of longing, 75; and Eden, 75; and expulsion, 76; and HADES, 153, 155; and HESPEROS, 155, 266n72; planting, 75;

300

ON PSYCHE’S LAWN

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