FRONT / OPINION
Weight of the world Human materials have taken over our planet. It’s time for a redesign, argues Cyrill Gutsch
IN EARLY DECEMBER 2020, as an unpredictable year was ending, a monumental but overlooked report was published in the journal Nature. Researchers in Israel released a mindblowing new assessment showing that human-made material now outweighs Earth’s entire biomass for the first time. The mass of ‘stuff’ we’ve created now exceeds all the plants, animals, fungi and bacteria on our planet combined. While concrete and construction aggregates like gravel make up most of the total, the study found there is now far more plastic on Earth than all land animals and marine creatures put together. All of the great whales, every fish, every bird, every coral reef and every other animal on Earth adds up to 4 gigatonnes. All plastic in use, in landfill and in our oceans weighs double that, at 8 gigatonnes.
The researchers have been running these calculations and totals since the 1990s, and the staggering results in 2020 show this was the year we reached a tipping point. On average, every person in the world is now responsible for the creation of humanmade matter equal to more than their bodyweight every single week. Thanks to excessive consumption and development, we have now exceeded the natural world in output, while simultaneously depleting the Earth’s biomass through deforestation, overfishing and other destructive practices. We now live on an overwhelmingly human planet. We must understand our place in nature’s cycle and how we became ignorant to it. We must live in harmony with nature and with each other. We have to become aware of our fragility and of the time we have left to change the way we live on this gift of a home.
If we plan to survive on this planet and maintain Earth’s biodiversity, we need a masterplan for the massive challenges we have created: to collectively redesign our society, our economy and our lifestyles in a massive way. To truly coexist with nature and end the destruction of our planet is a design challenge – it means we have to leave behind toxic materials, systems and products whose damage we can’t justify any longer.
Plastic is one symbol of an old idea – a toxic one. There is no need to continuously make more plastic. We’ve made enough. It’s out there. Let’s retrieve it, collect it, let’s give it a new life – until the time comes when we have a new material that can replace it. When it comes to the built environment, we are beginning to see the emergence of new materials created by nature and natural processes – breakthroughs that will help break down the barrier between people and planet, between ‘our’ materials and the wider environment.
I believe that we are at the brink of a systemic change, to end the ‘Toxic Age’ and to drive what we at Parley call the ‘Material Revolution’, where consumers,
creatives, architects and developers alike are demanding new materials that are good for people and planet.
Biofabrication and material science is the future. We’re seeing the beginnings of an entirely new economy.
At Parley we established the first Parley Station on an island in the Maldives, in partnership with the Maldivian government. It’s an island dedicated to collaboration: a place of inspiration and
To truly coexist with nature and end the destruction of our planet is a design challenge