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CONTENTS

April/May 2021

Vol. 1, Issue 1

4 Editorial 5 Contributors

FEATURES 6 Death on the Beach: the Herculaneum Bodies Now we know: they were vaporised in a split second. Drawing on the latest osteological studies, Neil Faulkner explores the fate of the people of the ancient town destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79.

26 BLUE IS FOR BOYS: Exploring gender through time With gender issues firmly in the spotlight, and with claims that certain ways of being are ‘natural’ and ‘ancient’, Nadia Durrani digs into the past to discover more.

40 THE INDUS ENIGMA: A CENTURY OF DECODING In 1921, archaeology discovered a forgotten civilisation in the plains of the Indus river, in what is now Pakistan, dating from the third millennium BC. After a century’s excavation and study, some aspects of it are compellingly clear - but others remain extremely enigmatic. Andrew Robinson writes.

56 A Kingdom of Fish and Shell: solving the mystery of Calusa Mound Key was the centre of the Calusa chiefs, whose sophisticated kingdom dominated a vast tract of Florida, USA, for more than five centuries. Yet these were a people without agriculture. How did they survive? Brian Fagan tells their astonishing story.

72 Chariots of Pharaoh: the new kingdom military revolution Past Worlds takes an in-depth look at a key historical issue. This time we ask, what transformed Ancient Egypt into a great war-making state around 1500 BC?

Cover The Pseudo-Seneca bust from the Villa of the Papyri, Herculaneum, now in the National Archaeological Museum in Naples.

Past Worlds | April/May 2021

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