7 8 9 10
. M. W. Stirling, The Ways of Yesterday: Being Chronicles of the Way Family, 1307–1885 (London, 1930), pp.305–6. Earl of Bessborough, A Place in the Forest: Being the Story of Stansted in Sussex (London, 1958), p.81; Robert Gittings, John Keats (London, 1968), pp.283–8. Reminiscences of Mrs Finn, Member of the Royal Asiatic Society (London, 1929), p.19. For McCaul see W. A. J. Archbold, ‘McCaul, Alexander (1799–1863), Rev. H. C. G. Matthew, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, 2004). On these European developments, see P. W. Schroeder, The Transformation of European Politics, 1763–1848 (Oxford, 1994), pp.591–614, and F. Ley, Alexandre Ier et sa SainteAlliance (Paris, 1975), pp.228–36. On Henry Handley Norris, see P. B. Nockles, ‘Norris, Henry Handley (1771–1850)’, ODNB. Norris was the leader of a powerful High Church and anti-Evangelical faction within the Church of England known as the ‘Hackney Phalanx’, and had such influence with the prime minister Lord Liverpool that he was known as ‘the Bishop-maker’. It seems likely that it was Norris’s use of these connections that ensured Stansted did not get its charter. Norris’s attack on the London Society, which was vitriolic and ran to 500 pages, was published as The Origins, Progress and Existing Circumstances of the London Society for Promoting Christianity among the Jews (London, 1825). Significantly, the most forthright statement on record that the Duke of Kent withdrew his patronage of the Society because of unease at its proselytising methods comes here, p.93. Stirling, The Ways of Yesterday, p.225. Bessborough, A Place in the Forest, p.75. Stirling, The Ways of Yesterday, p.229. Ibid., p.232.