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journalist for The Economist and The Observer, Strange was well placed to study the relationship between state power and global finance. At Chatham House she turned to research, deepening her theories which led to the establishment of international political economy as a field of study. Strange built the graduate programme in international political economy at London School of Economics as well as co-founding the British International Studies Association, and she became the first female president of the International Studies Association.

WOMEN, PEACE AND SECURITY

Dame Margaret Anstee

(1926-2016) Lifetime UN Diplomat

Dame Margaret Anstee is widely described as a woman of firsts. She joined Britain’s Foreign Office in 1948 when it opened diplomatic positions to women. But the Foreign Office’s policy on not allowing married women in service led to her resignation a year later. She then joined the United Nations, and over a 40-year career became the first female head of economic and social development, as well as peacekeeping missions throughout the developing world, rising to the rank of under-secretary-general. Anstee chaired the Windhoek seminar which provided the foundational documents for UN Security Council Resolution 1325, putting women, peace and security on the global agenda.

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MIDDLE EAST PEACE PROCESS

Hanan Ashrawi

(1946-) Executive Committee Member, Palestine Liberation Organization

Since the 1987 intifada, Ashrawi has championed Palestinian selfdetermination in many roles. She was the official spokesperson for the Palestinian delegation to the peace talks brokered by George HW Bush from 1991 to 1993. A pioneer like her father, a founder of the Palestinian Liberal Organization, Hanan was elected to the Executive Committee of the PLO in 2009, becoming the first woman to serve in Palestine’s highest executive body. Never scared to press for change, she has embodied the ‘new spirit of Palestinian pragmatism’, and her work on gender equality and nation-building has rippled throughout the region. Her contributions to Palestinian culture and civil society run parallel to her official roles: she founded several initiatives and championed Palestinian literature with poems and books.

THE LANDMINE BAN

Jody Williams

(1950-) Founding coordinator of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines

Jody Williams is a peace campaigner who is a living inspiration for grassroots activists seeking global change. She is best known for establishing the International

Campaign to Ban Landmines in the early 1990s. The campaign grew from a collaborative effort between two NGOs into an initiative encompassing more than 1,300 organizations, spread across 95 countries, and culminated in the Mine Ban Treaty of 1997 with more than 100 signatories. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in the same year. In 2006, she joined forces with fellow women laureates to establish the Nobel Women’s Initiative with the aim of amplifying the work of other women fighting for gender equality and world peace.

THE PARIS AGREEMENT

Christiana Figueres

(1956-) Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

This Costa Rican diplomat has worked in public service for 40 years beginning in the Costa Rican embassy in Germany. In the mid-1990s, Christiana Figueres joined the Costa Rican climatechange negotiating team, and in 2010 she was appointed executive secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, responsible for the international climate change negotiations after the failed COP15 in Copenhagen. Her leadership culminated in the first legally binding treaty uniting countries under the common goal of limiting global warming – the Paris Agreement.

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